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Sulphuric Acid on the WebTM Technical Manual DKL Engineering, Inc.

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Sulphuric Acid on the Web

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Handbook of Sulphuric Acid Manufacturing
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Sulphuric Acid - NEWS


Updated November 29, 2016

 

2016

 

SNC-Lavalin awarded EPC contract from Codelco for sulphuric acid plant construction
Weir Minerals Lewis Pumps celebrates 125 years of specialist design and manufacturing

India Sulphuric Acid Market to Grow at CAGR 3.35% till 2025: TechSci Forecast

SNC-Lavalin Awarded Contract by Norilsk Nickel for Sulphur Dioxide Mitigation Project in Russia
SAR takes delivery of specialised freight wagons
Chinese miners evaluating pending bid for Peru’s La Oroya smelter
Jacobs Acquires BAYQIK® Sulfuric Acid Converter Technology from Bayer AG
Saudi Aramco sets September sulphur price at $74/tonne FOB
Sulfuric acid leak "under control" in Geismar, authorities say
Itronics Now Producing Elemental Sulfur
SK Capital Returns Five Times Its Money on Calabrian Sale

Sherritt Announces Successful Start-Up of New Moa Joint Venture Acid Plant

Outotec to revamp a copper smelter and sulfuric acid plant in South America
Veolia Takes over Chemours' Sulfur Product Assets, Strengthening Its Services to the Oil & Gas Industry for the Treatment and Recycling of Industrial Waste in the United States
Outotec awarded a sulfuric acid technology contract from Intecsa Industrial, Spain
Making amends for sulphuric acid controversy, company gives $100,000 to Mobile Fire-Rescue Department

GCT, DuPont MECS sign agreement on air pollution mitigation in Gabes

Valmet to supply a sulfuric acid plant to the Metsä Group bioproduct mill in Äänekoski, Finland
Namibia: Possible Smelter Changes At Dundee
PQ Corporation Announces Closing of Merger With Eco Services Operations LLC

Etihad Rail transports 5m tonnes of sulphur granules

Smelter Fire Secrecy

Geingob opens N$3 billion sulphuric plant in Tsumeb
Calabrian Corp. to begin public consultation on Timmins sulphur dioxide plant

Outotec Awardeda Sulphuric Acid Plant Contract from Boliden Harjavalta

Sulphur dioxide levels exceed maximum limit 

The Mar Camino solution 

Technip to provide Dorr roaster system for KGHM’s Polish copper smelter project

Gecko’s Big Ambitions
Abuse of dominant position – commission issues statement of objection 
King Mohammed VI Inaugurates MAD 6.1 billion OCP Projects 


2015   2014   2013   2012   2011   2010   2009   2008   2007   2006   2005    2004   2003    2002   2001    2000   1999    1998

SNC-Lavalin awarded EPC contract from Codelco for sulphuric acid plant construction

Chile-based Corporación Nacional del Cobre de Chile (Codelco), one of the world’s largest copper producers, has appointed TSX-listed engineering and construction group SNC-Lavalin to construct two sulphuric acid plants at the Chuquicamata copper smelter complex, located in the Antofagasta region of northern Chile. Codelco’s project incorporates sulphuric acid production technology by MECS, a wholly owned subsidiary of DuPont, with whom SNC-Lavalin has successfully executed projects for more than 50 years. The plants, which will produce up to 2 048 metric tonnes of market grade sulphuric acid a day, will treat off-gas from the Chuquicamata smelter.These new plants will replace those currently in operation at the facility and are part of Codelco's ongoing environmental compliance plans.Construction is expected to begin in early 2017 with SNC-Lavalin providing basic and detailed engineering services, procuring equipment, and constructing the acid plants through their Santiago and Toronto offices."Following our recent contract award for the replacement of the effluent treatment plant at the Chuquicamata copper smelter, this new contract again supports our strong position in Latin America", noted SNC-Lavalin mining and metallurgy president José J Suárez, adding that the company was proud to be part of a project that would be a key element in Codelco’s future environmental programme."Codelco's environmental values are closely aligned with those of SNC-Lavalin and this adds to an already excellent working relationship," he concluded.


Weir Minerals Lewis Pumps celebrates 125 years of specialist design and manufacturing

 

Weir Minerals is proud to announce that 2016 marks its 125 year anniversary for one of its long standing brands – Lewis® pumps. For 125 years, Weir Minerals Lewis Pumps has developed an international reputation in the design and manufacture of pumps and valves in the Sulphur, Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid industries. “It is an honour to be celebrating 125 years of developing and manufacturing our Lewis pump range in this ever-changing industry. We have witnessed many challenges and opportunities throughout our history and continue to advance to meet the demands of our markets,” states Bob Elliott, Divisional Director EHS/VCE for Weir Minerals and former Managing Director of Weir Minerals Lewis Pumps. 

 

History of Lewis® Pumps

Back in 1891, Charles S. Lewis founded a company called Chas. S Lewis and Co., Inc., a family business that adopted alloy customization methods to furnish custom OEM pump lines to the beer pasteurization and bottle cleaning industries.  By the turn of the century, in 1906, the company commenced manufacturing pumps in-house and later developed and manufactured its first sulphuric acid pump in 1914, beginning a specialization which has continued to the present day.  This specialization in sulphuric acid equipment continued and, in 1975, the company manufactured its first sulphuric acid valve.  As the century drew to a close, the company became part of the Weir Group in 1994. Weir’s well established manufacturing excellence programs were implemented at Lewis resulting in even greater level of quality and performance.  In 2012, the first Lewis® molten salt pump was manufactured; these highly engineered centrifugal pumps are integral to a molten salt systems 

circulation in the solar power industry.  “We have developed a full range of pumps engineered for the unique requirements of molten salt. With over 100 years of experience focused on high density and high temperature we have been able to develop a pump which has a superior feature set to provide high reliability and low operating costs,” says Bob Elliott.  Today, after 125 years’ experience, Weir Minerals Lewis Pumps still manufactures this wide range of Lewis® pumps and valves and has made significant investment to develop and enhance its product line to better serve the industries in which it operates.  “In recent years we have added gate, globe and butterfly valves with our proprietary Lewmet alloy, proven to be highly effective in sulphuric acid pumps,” states Ken Black, Vice President Sales and Marketing for Weir Minerals Lewis Pumps. 

 

Strong Customer Focus

With customers in more than 100 countries, careful manufacturing planning, identifying the most requested spare parts and ensuring stock is constantly replenished for the needed items is the key focus for satisfying customers.  This in-depth project involves collecting and collating spare parts usage data to truly understand customers’ requirements and actively stocking items that will meet customers’ expectations during emergency situations. To ensure successful implementation, Weir adopted a LEAN manufacturing strategy to access and share global best practices and training between all Weir factories.  “Our most recent improvement efforts include moving 92% of all factory equipment into product cells, linking our most requested spare parts into new replenishment techniques, creating close bonds with key suppliers and reducing the overall lead-time with an eye on strengthening spares availability,” says Ken Black.

 

Investment

Weir Minerals Lewis Pumps recently invested in the modification of its test stand area for axial flow pump testing. This enables engineers to test all pumps extensively, under real-life working conditions, before they leave the facility. In addition, they have opened a new Distribution Center, which is 42,000 square feet of manufacturing and office space, allowing them to manufacture, assemble and ship Weir Minerals Lewis Pumps’ products to customers around the world with ease.  “We have streamlined our process to allow all departments to review the orders on a daily basis. This allows all departments to ask questions at the time the orders are processed, improving the flow throughout our system,” say Bob Elliott. William Charles Stone, President of Weir Minerals Lewis® Pumps states: “Throughout the last 125 years, Lewis has remained dedicated to the markets and the customers we serve around the world.  This can be witnessed through the evolution of our pumps, valves, and related products.  Our people build, here in St. Louis, products used around the world in the production of food and energy. Our product innovations, dedicated group of employees, and continued investments here in the St. Louis community ensure Lewis will continue to be a valued supplier to our customers who feed the world and power the global economy, as well as a good neighbor in our St. Louis community for hopefully what is another 125 years and beyond.”


India Sulphuric Acid Market to Grow at CAGR 3.35% till 2025: TechSci Forecast

According to the recently published TechSci Research report "India Sulphuric Acid Market Study, 2011 - 2025", the sulphuric acid market in India is projected to exhibit a CAGR of 3.35% during 2016-2025, on account ofincreasing fertilizer productionin the country. Moreover,growing demand and consumption of sulphuric acid can be attributed to rapid growth in population size of India, which is subsequently driving demand for infrastructure, food crops and base metals. Growingapplication of sulphuric acid in processing of fertilizers and other industrial chemicals, coupled with rising initiatives by Government of Indiato collaborate with global manufacturing firms, are furtherexpected to drive India sulphuric acid market during the forecast period. 

Sulphuric acid is tailored for utilization as the most crucial raw material and key ingredient in agriculture sector with applications inproduction of fertilizers and pH adjustment.Moreover, it is alsoan essential part of nearly all manufactured goods, chemical synthesis such as hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, sulphate salts, synthetic detergents, dyes and pigments, explosives, and drugs. Sulphuric acid is utilized in carrying out processing of metals by various methods including pickling of iron & steel prior to plating process. Westregion was the major demand generator for sulphuric acid in India over the past few years, owing to presence of major fertilizer and chemical producing companieslocated in this region.Furthermore, leading sulphuric acid manufacturers such as Hindalco Industries Ltd., and Paradeep Phosphates Ltd., have an installed production capacities of 1,670 and 660 thousand tons, respectively."Fertilizer is the largest consumer of sulphuric acid in India, owing torising urbanizationand growing population in the country, which is furtherincreasing focus on agriculture sector of India to meet growing demand for food. Phosphate fertilizers production in India stood at 4,113.1 thousand metric tons in 2014, which is further projected to increase in the coming years. Thus, growing production of phosphate fertilizerand increasing use of sulphuric acid in metal processingto boost demand for sulphuric acid in Indiaduring the forecast period." said Mr. Karan Chechi, Research Director, with TechSci Research, a research based global management consulting firm."India Sulphuric AcidMarket Opportunities, 2011 - 2025" has analyzed the potential of the sulphuric acid market in India and provides statistics and information on market sizes, shares and trends. The report intends to provide cutting-edge market intelligence and help decision makers take sound investment evaluation. Besides, the report also identifies and analyzes the emerging trends along with essential drivers and key challenges faced by India Sulphuric Acid market.

SNC-Lavalin Awarded Contract by Norilsk Nickel for Sulphur Dioxide Mitigation Project in Russia

SNC-Lavalin is proud to announce that it has been awarded a contract by Norilsk Nickel (LSE:MNODI) to implement a Sulphur Recovery Project at the Nadezhda Smelter, located at the company's Polar Division in the Krasnoyarsk Region, Russia. This project is one of the largest sulphur dioxide mitigation projects in the world.  SNC-Lavalin will prepare detailed engineering and process drawings, and will execute the project through its offices in Toronto and Moscow, as well as a site presence in Norilsk Nickel. The target of the project is to reduce SO2 emissions by capturing emitted sulphur dioxide, a gas that contributes to the formation of acid rain.  "We are honored to have been awarded this project," said José J. Suárez, President, Mining & Metallurgy, SNC-Lavalin. "SNC-Lavalin has forged a deep relationship with Norilsk Nickel, and we are proud to continue to execute high technology projects that provide state of the art sulphur emission reduction solutions for our clients worldwide. Norilsk Nickel's confidence in SNC-Lavalin further reinforces our capabilities in the full delivery of complex sulphur emissions reduction and mining projects in remote areas. We are proud to use our experience to benefit Norilsk Nickel in significantly reducing emissions", he added.

SAR takes delivery of specialised freight wagons

 

October 25, 2016 - SAUDI Railway Company (SAR) has started to take delivery of 1186 tank wagons for the transport of sulphur and phosphoric acid for operation of the 2750km North-South Railway.   The wagons are of three types and comprise 58 for the transport of pure phosphoric acid, 586 for moving phosphoric acid, and 562 for carrying molten sulphur. The latter have thermal insulation and special safety equipment to prevent explosions or combustion during transit. The sulphur wagons are designed so that the temperature of the sulphur can be increased to 120oC to convert it back to a liquid to facilitate unloading.  SAR is also taking delivery of another 36 diesel locomotives from Electro-Motive Diesel (EMD), United States, to haul the new wagons. Three locomotives will be used to haul each consist of 30 wagons. The locomotives are designed to withstand temperatures ranging from -10oC to 65oC and have a system to expel air to prevent the accumulation of dust and sand in the air filters. The locomotives also have high-definition cameras at each end to improve safety as well as sand ploughs.  The trains are expected to transport 2.3 million tonnes of raw materials and finished products to and from seven chemical plants being built by Ma’aden at the new Promise of the North facility near Turaif in the north of the country. The plant will be able to produce 16 million tonnes of chemical products a year when it is completed.


Chinese miners evaluating pending bid for Peru’s La Oroya smelter

October 6, 2016 - Peru’s government will likely ease sulfur dioxide emissions limits to attract investors to an auction for the La Oroya polymetallic smelter in early 2017.  The director of Dirige, the company managing the liquidation of the bankrupted Doe Run Peru’s assets, told Reuters that an auction for the historic smelter and the Cobriza copper mine in the central state of Junin will be auctioned off in the first quarter of 2017.  “It is difficult to ensure that the two units will be auctioned at the same time,” Pablo Peschiera said. “We will present them together until the board of creditors allows a piecemeal sale.”  Peschiera said that the final selling price for both the smelter and mine would likely be around $100 million, and legally required upgrades to the smelter would require $700 million more in investment. He added that Dirige is lobbying for the government to absolve the new operator from Doe Run’s environmental fines.  El Comercio reports that at least six companies are evaluating a bid, including Chinese state mining firm China Nonferrous Metal Mining (CNMC), a joint venture between Greennovo and ZincOx (EETAC), Southern Peaks, Global Resources Solutions, Stellar Mining and Capital Partners.  A former Doe Run Peru lawyer told El Comercio that the Chinese companies EETAC and CNMC were most likely to win the auction. China is the world’s largest consumer of copper and Peru’s top trading partner. But China’s tightening environmental legislation prohibits the refining of metals heavy in contaminants such as arsenic.  China’s state mining firm Chinalco, which operates the Toromocho copper mine also located in Junin, recently received a cash injection of $325 million as it struggles with billions of dollars in liabilities driven by environmental fines due to arsenic content in its copper concentrates. Chinalco’s director in Peru told Gestion that the copper from Toromocho is high in arsenic, antimony and other impurities.  A labor union representative told Gestion that there were nine companies evaluating the auction, and that his organization had already met with officials from Greennovo.  “EETAC has visited La Oroya seven times and they have a technical team of eight metallurgists from Greennovo doing due diligence now,” a source close to the board of creditors told El Comercio in July, adding that Stellar Mining and Capital Partners are only interested in Cobriza.  Doe Run Peru declared bankruptcy in 2009 when the financial crisis sent commodity prices tumbling and the company could not get credit to purchase concentrates for refining. The company has over $600 million in liabilities, including $500 million in fines for not complying with environmental standards and at least $90 million to local mineworkers.  An attempt to auction off the La Oroya smelter and Cobriza copper mine in 2015 received no bids, which analysts attribute to low prices for copper, Peru’s strict emissions limits and Doe Run’s pending liabilities.  After the failed auction mineworkers in La Oroya held protests which resulted in one dead and dozens injured to demand the government take action to save the smelter, without which the town of 30,000 would likely be abandoned.  While President Ollanta Humala’s government extended Doe Run’s bankruptcy by decree in order to give the liquidation process another year until a new government took office in 2016, it refused to relax emissions standards to the levels of Chile and Canada recommended by investors and workers.  Environmentalists point to the lead contamination in and around La Oroya, which gained international notoriety when TIME Magazine ranked it the fifth most polluted city in the world due to “dangerously high concentrations” of lead in the local children’s blood.  President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski in August backed a bill which ultimately changed Peru’s bankruptcy law to buy more time to find a buyer for La Oroya. He has advocated loosening the sulfur dioxide limits in La Oroya to attract a buyer. His economic plan calls for Peru moving beyond mining into value-added services such as refining.

Jacobs Acquires BAYQIK
® Sulfuric Acid Converter Technology from Bayer AG

Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. (NYSE:JEC) announced today it acquired the patent rights for BAYQIK
® quasi-isothermal sulfuric acid converter technology and other related technology from Bayer AG.  Under the terms of the agreement, the technology transfer includes all relevant Bayer technical, commercial and market information. In addition, Bayer is providing transitional services to help ensure a seamless transfer of the BAYQIK business. Terms of the transaction will not be disclosed.  BAYQIK technology enables more efficient conversion of process gas with high SO2 concentrations. Bayer developed, piloted and commercialized the technology over the past 10 years. A full-scale installation based on the technology has operated successfully for seven years.  Commenting on the announcement, Jacobs President Petroleum and Chemicals Gary Mandel said the acquisition complements Jacobs’ existing sulfuric acid technology portfolio, enabling the company to provide state-of-the-art technology to both the low strength and high strength SO2 market segments.  “This acquisition is an exciting development for our Chemetics process technology solutions business and our process industry clients,” said Mandel.  “BAYQIK is proven to be a superior and more flexible option for processing high strength SO2 gas, a growing requirement for clients in the non-ferrous metallurgical acid plant market.  “We’re thrilled to add this robust technology to our sulfuric acid technology portfolio and offer this capability to clients by leveraging the global reach of Jacobs’ network.”

Saudi Aramco sets September sulphur price at $74/tonne FOB

August 31, 2016 - Saudi Aramco Trading has set its September sulphur price at $74/tonne FOB (free on board) Jubail, market sources confirmed on Wednesday.  The September price represents an $8/tonne increase from August.  Last week, Saudi Aramco was heard to have sold 45,000 tonnes of sulphur at $75/tonne FOB for 20-30 September loading in Jubail for China.  This news follows an announcement from the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC), which set its official selling price (OSP) for September sulphur shipments to India at $77/tonne FOB Ruwais, a $7/tonne increase from August.  Qatar International Petroleum Marketing Company (Tasweeq) has also increased its Qatar Sulphur Price (QSP) for September by $9/tonne to $74/tonne FOB Ras Laffan.


Sulfuric acid leak "under control" in Geismar, authorities say


August 14, 2016 - Residents near the Honeywell Plant were alerted just before 11:30 pm that the sulfuric acid leaks at the plant were "under control," according to a fax from Iberville Parish emergency authorities.Residents had been asked to shelter in place after the leak was discovered. A second leak occurred not long after the first, authorities said.Chief Kevin Ambeau of St. Gabriel Police said he could see a cloud of gas after the release from Honeywell. He advised everyone to shelter in place in the St. Gabriel and Carville areas.First responders reported burning eyes due to the gas.A statement from Honeywell spokesperson Peter Dalpe read as follows:“Honeywell's Geismar facility experienced a leak of sulfuric acid this evening. The facility's emergency response team is working to mitigate and stop the leak. The plant has instructed employees of the site and two neighboring sites to shelter in place as a precaution. The facility also notified state police of the incident as per plant procedure.”The plant is located at 5525 Highway 3115 in Geismar.

Itronics Now Producing Elemental Sulfur

August 2, 2016 - Itronics Inc., a growing and diversified fertilizer, silver, and minerals producer, has announced that its pilot scale FeLix, SuLix leaching system is now producing dry sulfur powder that can be used by the company as an ingredient for liquid fertilizer manufacturing. Also, the silver concentrates have, for the first time, been measured to contain gold, palladium, and platinum recovered from the photographic liquid feed materials.Pilot scale leaching has been underway since late fall 2015 to produce commercially saleable silver bullion from a mixture of its internally generated silver concentrates and e-scrap (ground up computer circuit boards). “Production of elemental sulfur by our new ‘Green Tech’ leaching technology is an exciting development for our investors,” said Dr. John Whitney, Itronics President. “It improves the efficiency of our processes without a significant increase in cost and creates an opportunity to formulate new products. Also, the inclusion of measurable gold, palladium and platinum in our silver concentrates is a potential benefit to Itronics.”The new leaching technology is now producing four products: (1) silver concentrate, (2) a high iron content liquid ingredient for use in fertilizer, (3) a high sulfur content liquid ingredient for use in fertilizer and (4) dry sulfur powder.About 75 out of each 100 pounds of the feed material to the leaching process is now being recovered for use as ingredients for the manufacture of GOLD’n GRO fertilizers. All of the silver in the leach process feed materials is retained in the concentrates being delivered to the refinery along with gold, palladium, and platinum. The new leaching technology has improved the productivity of the company’s refining furnaces by 10 times.

SK Capital Returns Five Times Its Money on Calabrian Sale

August 2, 2016 - SK Capital Partners cleaned up with its sale of specialty chemicals company Calabrian Corp. to Ineos Enterprises, both literally and figuratively.  The New York private-equity firm, which focuses partly on investments in the chemicals industry, will earn a five-times gross return on its original investment in the company, which produces liquid sulfur dioxide and other chemicals used for wastewater treatment, personal care and food production, as well as for mining and oil and gas operations, according to a person with knowledge of the deal.  The company, of Kingwood, Texas, profited from a technology it developed that is more environmentally friendly than traditional methods of producing liquid sulfur dioxide. Conventional methods typically burn the sulfur with air, and the air contains nitrogen, which contributes to acid rain. Calabrian’s technology, however, uses pure oxygen, which reduces emissions and is more environmentally friendly and cost effective, said Jack Norris, a managing director who led the deal for SK Capital.  “There were a number of players in the industry producing [sulfur dioxide] in conventional ways that exited the market because of environmental hurdles and the cost of that, as well as the risk factors around this particular type of chemistry,” said Mr. Norris. “As those companies exited, Calabrian filled that space.”  Calabrian’s sale to Ineos Enterprises, a subsidiary of Rolle, Switzerland-based chemical company Ineos AG, comes a little more than five years after SK Capital recapitalized the company in 2011 alongside the Cogliandro family, which founded the company.  During that time, SK Capital expanded Calabrian’s business beyond its regional roots in Texas to other areas, including Latin America and Canada. The company built a new production facility in Eastern Canada that will be operational by year-end. By that time, Calabrian will have tripled its earnings since SK Capital’s acquisition, according to a news release.  One of the bigger drivers of Calabrian’s growth came from its expansion into the mining sector, a major industry in both Canada and parts of Latin America.  “[Sulfur dioxide] is used as a detoxification agent for sodium cyanide, which is used for the leaching of various metals, particularly gold, and that was an area where we didn’t have a market presence,” said Mr. Norris.  SK Capital also invested in the expansion of Calabrian’s existing facilities in Texas in 2013, which increased those facilities’ sulfur dioxide production capacity by 50%, he said.  SK Capital originally invested in Calabrian from SK Capital Partners III LP, a $500 million debut institutional fund closed in 2011. SK Capital invests $100 million to $200 million per company in the specialty materials, chemicals and health-care industries.  Mr. Norris said the firm’s experience in backing chemicals companies not only helped it win the company in 2011, but also helped transform the business. In addition to guiding the company to new markets, the firm brought in a new chief executive in 2014.  “This was not a quick flip,” he said.


Sherritt Announces Successful Start-Up of New Moa Joint Venture Acid Plant


July 19, 2016 - Sherritt International Corporation announced today that the third acid plant at the Moa Joint Venture (50% interest) in Cuba is in commissioning and has begun producing sulphuric acid. The 2,000 tonne per day plant is operating currently at approximately 900 tonnes per day, with full performance testing scheduled over the coming weeks. The project was concluded within the established construction timeline and completion budget of US$65 million (100% basis), and was Moa Nickel's first capital project to be fully financed by a Cuban financial institution."We are pleased to complete this expansion project and to see it start up successfully on time and on budget," said David Pathe, President and CEO, Sherritt International. "The third acid plant delivers significant cost savings, and reduces fuel consumption. The safety record during construction and commissioning was a 0.48 Lost Time Injury rate with over 1.2 million exposure hours and speaks to the high standards upheld by the Cuban construction workforce."When in full operation, the third acid plant has the potential to reduce the Moa JV Net Direct Cash Cost ("NDCC") by approximately US$0.50/lb, with the savings derived from an elimination of third-party sulphuric acid purchases and reduced fuel oil purchases. Initial NDCC benefits will be realized in the fourth quarter this year with the full NDCC impact expected in 2017.

Japanese-Turkish consortium implements chemical project in Turkmenistan

July 10, 2016 - A workshop for the production of 500,000 tons of sulfuric acid per year was commissioned at a chemical plant in Turkmenabat town, Lebap region, Turkmenistan, the Turkmen government’s report said.  According to the report, the project was implemented by a consortium consisting of Japanese Mitsui company and Turkish Rönesans company.  "The design capacity of the workshop is not only to fully meet the country’s domestic demand for high-quality sulfuric acid but also supply most of products for export," the report said.  Sulfuric acid is an important component in the production of mineral phosphate fertilizers. This chemical is also used in the production of other acids and salts, medicaments and detergents, dyes, synthetic fibers.  Chemical industry is one of the most promising sectors of the Turkmen economy. The priority is to increase capacity for the production of various types of fertilizers.

Outotec to revamp a copper smelter and sulfuric acid plant in South America

June 20, 2016 - Outotec has been awarded a contract by a customer in South America to revamp a copper smelter and sulfuric acid plant. The order value of over EUR 33 million has been booked in Outotec's 2016 second quarter order intake.Outotec will deliver engineering, process technology and equipment for improved gas handling and reduced sulfur dioxide emissions, improved heat recovery and water management, as well as technical assistance during the construction, commissioning and start-up of the smelter and acid plant."We are pleased to provide specialized technical services to our customer and help them to comply with the new environmental regulations. In this project we have combined our efforts with our customer to extend the life cycle of their facilities, secure business sustainability and care of environment in a mutually beneficial way", says Jyrki Makkonen, head of Outotec's Metals, Energy & Water business area. http://www.nasdaq.com

Veolia Takes over Chemours' Sulfur Product Assets, Strengthening Its Services to the Oil & Gas Industry for the Treatment and Recycling of Industrial Waste in the United States

June 14, 2016 - Veolia North America has signed an agreement to take over Chemours’ Sulfur Products division. This division is a specialist in the recovery of sulfuric acid and gases of the refining process, which are regenerated into clean acid and steam used in wide range of industrial activities. As a tuck-in to Veolia North America’s Industrial Business, Chemours Sulfur Products division is an excellent complement to Veolia’s existing business, and will reinforce its existing recovery and regeneration capabilities and technologies.  Sulfuric acid is one of the most important compounds made by the chemical industry and is used to manufacture hundreds of compounds needed by almost every industry.  Natural gas and oil contain sulfur compounds, both organic and hydrogen sulfide, both of which must be removed before they are used as fuels or chemical feedstock.  Through the takeover of Chemour’s Sulfur Products assets for $325 million, Veolia complements its asset base in the regeneration business, and thus the circular economy.  This operation includes the following facilities providing regeneration services and sulfur products:

- Three Sulfuric Acid Recovery units located on refinery sites in Delaware, New Jersey and Texas.
- A merchant Sulfuric Acid Recovery and sulfur product facility in Burnside, Louisiana.
- Four sulfur-based acid production facilities located in the Mid-Atlantic and East Coast. 

Veolia will also be able to rely on the inherent technical expertise relating to sulfur through Chemours’ Acid Technology Center, which boasts 18 engineers who exclusively support the Sulfur Products division.This take-over provides Veolia with a highly differentiated services offering to allow it to move up the value chain with existing refinery customers, along with an opportunity to cross-sell its existing offerings to a new customer base.  It also presents growth opportunities within the refinery services sector, and it positions Veolia to capture future demand for clean gasoline related products.  The Sulfur Products assets, with approximately $262 million in revenue in 2015, employs 250 employees at 7 sites across North America.  Parties anticipate closing the transaction within the second half of 2016, subject to customary closing conditions and regulatory approvals.

Outotec awarded a sulfuric acid technology contract from Intecsa Industrial, Spain

June 2, 2016 - Outotec awarded a sulfuric acid technology contract from Intecsa Industrial, Spain.  Outotec has agreed with the Spanish engineering company Intecsa Industrial, part of ACS Group, on the design and delivery of process technology and proprietary equipment for two sulfuric acid plants to be built in connection with the El Nasr Co. for Intermediate Chemicals (NCIC) fertilizer plant in Egypt. The order is valued at over EUR 30 million and has been booked in Outotec's 2016 second quarter order intake.  The two new sulfuric acid plants designed by Outotec, each with a capacity of 1,900 tonnes per day, will produce high grade sulfuric acid from elemental sulfur for fertilizer production and steam for energy generation. The plants will meet all the current and planned Egyptian environmental requirements. In order to recover as much energy as possible, the heat recovery system uses the surplus heat of the waste heat boiler and absorption section and turns it into low- and high-pressure steam.  The sulfuric acid plants are expected to be operational in 2018.  "We are pleased to be involved in the NCIC fertilizer project through our partner Intecsa Industrial. Outotec's advanced sulfuric acid plant solution will be the key part of the fertilizer production complex and enable efficient use of resources with minimal environmental impact," says Pertti Korhonen, President and CEO of Outotec.


Making amends for sulphuric acid controversy, company gives $100,000 to Mobile Fire-Rescue Department


May 5, 2016 - Last summer, Arc Terminals got in the doghouse with Mobile leaders and environmentalists alike for storing sulphuric acid on the waterfront before receiving permission to do so. On Tuesday, city leaders praised the company for a six-figure gesture of amends.At the Mobile City Council's Tuesday meeting, Mayor Sandy Stimpson announced that the Mobile Fire-Rescue Department had accepted a $100,000 donation from the company. Stimpson said the gift exceeded any possible fines the city could have levied on the company for the incident, and that he was "grateful Arc has stepped up ... to bring this issue to closure."The August 2015 revelation that Arc had been acting without approval was a flash point in a long-running debate over city regulation of petrochemical tank facilities along the Mobile waterfront. Even industry supporters were taken aback; Stimpson's administration promised fines and said it was "disappointed by the irresponsible and reckless behavior displayed by Arc and its partners."The bigger debate finally was settled in March, when the Council approved a measure that imposed some limits on tank farm development, though less than some had hoped for. On Tuesday, the Mobile Fire-Rescue Department said the $100,000 would go directly to equipment upgrades for its hazardous materials team. Among the planned purchases, $45,000 will buy an AreaRAE monitoring system that can measure potential threats at the site of a chemical spill; $14,094 will pay for upgrades to hazmat suits; $10,000 will go for a thermal imaging camera; and $14,374 will provide sensors used to monitor volatile organic compounds and other hazardous gases.According to information released by the MRFD, Arc made the donation as part of a settlement negotiated with the city. "The payment by Arc exceeds any possible fines the City could have recovered against Arc for the zoning issue," according to the MFRD statement. "Arc completed the removal of all sulfuric acid from the Blakely terminal last year."This generous donation by ARC will go far in helping us be better prepared for an industrial incident of near any type," said Public Safety Director Richard Landolt.


GCT, DuPont MECS sign agreement on air pollution mitigation in Gabes

May 27, 2016 - An agreement to reduce air pollution from the phosphoric acid plant in Gabes was signed, on Thursday in Tunis, by the Tunisian Chemical Group (GCT) and a US sulfuric acid plant under DuPont MECS Group, in the presence of Minister of energy and mines Mongi Marzouk.The project, with a cost of 45 million dinars, provides for the transformation of the 2nd sulfuric acid unit of the phosphoric acid plant in Gabes from simple to double absorption with energy recovery through the Heat Recovery System.CEO of the Gafsa Phosphate Company (CPG) and GCT Romdhane Souid said the project co-financed up to 50% by the European Investment Bank (EIB) reflects the group’s desire to fight against air pollution in the industrial area in Gabes.The project, which is part of the environmental upgrading of the group, will reduce sulphur dioxide emissions (SO2) by 85% and produce an additional 32 tons of steam/hour, i.e. the equivalent of the production of 5 megawatts/hour of electricity, technical deputy director of the company Abdelhafidh Abdelhamid told TAP.It also provides for the acquisition and installation by GCT of demineralisation unit whose capacity is 50m3/hour.The agreement was signed by the CEO of CPG and GCT and vice-president of the Belgium-based DuPont MECS Group Thierry Marin.

Valmet to supply a sulfuric acid plant to the Metsä Group bioproduct mill in Äänekoski, Finland


May 20, 2016 - Valmet will supply a sulfuric acid plant to Metsä Group's bioproduct mill in Äänekoski for in-house sulfuric acid production. By means of the new sulfuric acid plant of its own the bioproduct mill can utilize the chemicals in the odorous gases of the pulp manufacturing process. This will help to reduce the wastewater load considerably. The start-up of the plant is scheduled for the third quarter of 2017.Valmet's delivery is part of Metsä Group's sulfuric acid plant investment that is valued at roughly EUR 20 million. The order is included in Valmet's second quarter 2016 orders received. The value of the order is not disclosed."The sulfuric acid plant producing process chemicals from sulfur compounds from odorous gases is a remarkable step towards closed chemical circulation and further improves the environmental performance of the bioproduct mill," saysTimo Merikallio, Project Director of bioproduct mill at Metsä Group."More efficient utilization of the raw materials and putting circular economy into practice within the industry increases the need for new innovations. The sulfuric acid plant technology that will be delivered to Äänekoski is developed by Valmet. We have developed also multiple new biotechnology processes for pulp and energy industries including lignin and bio-oil production," says Risto Hämäläinen, Director, Environmental Systems at Valmet.Technical information about the deliveryThe order includes a sulfuric acid plant developed by Valmet. The plant consists of a concentrated non-condensable gas (CNCG) incinerator and a sulfuric acid converting plant. The production capacity of the plant will be approximately 35 tons of sulfuric acid per day. This will be the world's first larger scale sulfuric acid plant that will be in operation at a pulp mill.The new plant will enable the bioproduct mill to become nearly self-sufficient in sulfuric acid, as the odorous gases produced in the pulping process can be converted into sulfuric acid. This will bring significant environmental advantages. The amount of sulfate lead to the mill's effluent treatment plant will be reduced and the sulfate load in the nearby waterways will be smaller compared to the current mill in Äänekoski. The CNCG incineration plant can be used as a back-up boiler for producing process steam by incinerating CNCG, tall oil pitch or liquid methanol.

Namibia: Possible Smelter Changes At Dundee

 

May 13, 2016 - The recently commissioned Dundee Precious Smelter in Tsumeb may undergo a significant change in the near future, with plans in place to increase the size of the smelter. This is what the Economist was able to establish when it recently contacted, Dundee spokesperson, Alina Garises, to gain clarity on the matter. Garises explained that Dundee Precious was still in the preliminary stages of an anticipated expansion project and that a final decision is still to be made. "We are in the preliminary stages of this project. No final decision to expand has been made and no final decision on an expansion can be made until the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) process is complete and the final report issued.   Therefore, we are not in a position to provide additional details on the proposal such as anticipated cost, potential new employment and time frames for the possible completion of the project," she added. Based on a throughput of 240 000 to 310 000 tons of copper concentrate, the N$2.7 billion smelter produces between 270 000 to 340 000 of sulphuric acid yearly. With the change in the plant set-up, the smelter's ability to recover copper is expected to improve. "Currently, the Ausmelt furnace and its lack of holding capacity has created a bottle neck in production. Dundee Precious Metals Tsumeb proposes to upgrade the Ausmelt feed system and furnace, install a rotary holding furnace, implement a slow cooling system and upgrade the slag mill to improve copper recovery," said Garises. "The plant is designed to capture off-gases that are rich in sulphur dioxide from copper smelting and to convert them into sulphuric acid. The plant is an effort to eliminate sulphur dioxide emissions that have plagued Tsumeb residents since the smelter opened in 1963," she explained. Dundee Precious has previously stated that it has spent upwards of N$5 billion on the smelter in an effort to make it environmentally friendly as possible and the planned expansion will no doubt add to that figure.

 

PQ Corporation Announces Closing of Merger With Eco Services Operations LLC

May 4, 2016 - PQ Corporation (“PQ”), a leading global manufacturer of specialty inorganic performance chemicals, high-end catalysts, and engineered glass beads, and Eco Services Operations LLC (“Eco Services”), the North American leader in sulfuric acid recycling services, announced today the closing of a previously announced merger that bolsters PQ’s position as a world-class specialty inorganic chemical company.  Concurrently with the closing of the merger between PQ and Eco Services, PQ has also refinanced its existing credit facilities by entering into a USD$1.2 billion senior secured term loan (consisting of a USD$900 million senior secured term loan and a USD$300 million Euro equivalent senior secured term loan), USD$625 million in new senior secured notes, USD$525 million in senior unsecured notes, and a USD$200 million asset-based secured revolving credit facility. The existing $200 million of Eco Services notes will remain outstanding.“Combining PQ and Eco Services and refinancing our credit facilities positions the new PQ to grow and prosper well into the future,” said George J. Biltz, President and Chief Executive Officer of the combined company. “Moving forward, our customers will continue to see superior product offerings and top-notch service from our dedicated team.”Biltz also noted that the combination joins two specialty inorganic chemical companies that have similar business models and complementary customers. Both companies provide mission-critical products and services to the refinery industry, with PQ supplying catalysts necessary for the refining of crude oil and Eco Services providing sulfuric acid regeneration services needed in the alkylation process. Biltz anticipates a smooth integration process that is expected to yield significant back-office savings and other synergies that will serve PQ’s growth initiatives.Michael R. Boyce will continue to serve as Chairman of the Board of PQ while refining industry services veteran Paul J. Ferrall will serve as President of the Eco Services business unit. Affiliates of CCMP Capital, INEOS Capital, and management remain as shareholders of the combined business.

 

Etihad Rail transports 5m tonnes of sulphur granules

April 9, 2016 - Etihad Rail, the developer and operator of the UAE’s $11 billion national railway network, announced that it has transported more than 5.24 million tonnes of granulated sulphur in the first 18 months of Stage One operations for Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (Adnoc), from sources at Shah and Habshan to its point of export at Ruwais.  Equivalent to more than 330,000 truck trips, the transport of granulated sulphur is the workhorse of Etihad Rail’s Stage One, which received approval for commercial operations from the Federal Transport Authority’s (FTA) – Land and Maritime in December 2015.  Two trains depart daily under the current timetable, each carrying 11,000 tonnes of granulated sulphur and capable of reaching a top-speed of 120 kilometres per hour. Etihad Rail is the country’s latest and most robust facilitator of sulphur movement, which is rapidly growing as an integral part of the UAE economy.  Sulphur is a by-product of oil and gas production and Adnoc and its affiliates export tonnes of sulphur.  “Surpassing the 5.24-million-tonne mark with the transport of granulated sulphur is a significant milestone for Etihad Rail and stands as an emblem of our unwavering commitment to facilitating economic connectivity across Abu Dhabi and the UAE,” said Eng. Faris Saif Al Mazrouei, chief executive officer of Etihad Rail.  “Stage One’s continued progress is a testament to the strength of the partnership between Etihad Rail and Adnoc, who are committed to the UAE’s continued economic diversification and stand aligned with Abu Dhabi Economic Vision 2030 and UAE Vision 2021,” Eng. Al Mazrouei added.  Stretching a distance of 264-kilometre, Stage One links the sulphur sources of Shah and Habshan to the export point of Ruwais via the Mirfa depot, which was recently awarded the Estidama 2 Pearl Construction Rating by the Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council (UPC) for its seven sustainable buildings. Stage One utilises seven state-of-the-art locomotives from US-based Electro-Motive Diesel, with wagons supplied by China’s CSR Corporation.  The multi-billion dollar integrated rail network project, which will span approximately 1,200 kilometres when complete, is undergoing construction in three stages. The UAE will witness the development of a secure railway transportation network capable of transporting large volumes of goods and materials while linking the UAE’s principle centres of population and industry, along with the greater GCC railway network.  Etihad Rail is being developed in line with the core tenets of Abu Dhabi Economic Vision 2030 and UAE Vision 2021, which collectively chart a course for economic diversification through strategic initiatives set to catalyse UAE socio-economic growth.  At full capacity, Stage One of Etihad Rail is slated to transport more than seven million tonnes of granulated sulphur annually.

Smelter Fire Secrecy


April 7, 2016 - A misguided effort to save the reputation of a smelter company during the opening of its state-of-the-art Acid Plant in Tsumeb led to the refusal to confirm the details of an explosion of a furnace that resulted in injuries and a suspension of a supervisor.  The bursting of a copper smelting furnace at the Dundee Smelter three weeks ago was kept under wraps until yesterday to save President Dr Hage Geingob the embarrassment before he opened the Dundee Acid Plant yesterday, 6 April.  The copper smelter furnace burst on 13 of March and the company’s fire brigade and that of the town’s municipality were mobilised to extinguish the raging sulphuric acid-fueled fire. In the process the fire fighters used water instead of foam and the furnace exploded injuring six people.  The acid spread throughout the premises and started melting the shoes of the fire fighters, which led to six people being hospitalised for inhaling acid fumes, and one was critically injured as the acid ate through the soles of his shoes. Dundee has vehemently denied that the incident ever took place, even in the face of credible information and has gone a step further to suspend the supervisor for safety for alleged negligence a week ago, information that was also smothered.  It could not be established whether the company has reported the incident to the authorities but it must have been an undesirable incident that could have put the safety of working with dangerous and poisonous chemicals in disrepute in the eyes of President Geingob, after a lifeline was thrown to Dundee by Cabinet in 2012.  For the past half a century, Tsumeb has been a health risk caused by local sulphur dioxide (SO2) gas emissions from the Namibian Custom Smelter, until Dundee Precious Metals took over the smelter in 2010. In 2013, after consultation with government the mine was rebranded from the former Custom Smelter to Dundee Smelter with the construction of the acid plant. Dundee took a long-term strategy to bring the smelter to internationally-accepted environmental standards, and in response to government and public concerns about the emissions, they built facilities that capture arsenic emissions and use them to produce sulphuric acid which is a critical component in the mining industry. The plant is designed to reduce sulphur dioxide emissions by 95%.  The state-of-the-art plant was officially inaugurated by President Dr Hage Geingob yesterday. Dr Geingob said that the acid plant came as a result of numerous genuine complaints that the government received from Tsumeb residents over time. “The original complaints were in 2011 that the smelter was emitting arsenic dust which adversely affected the lives of employees and community members. The government heard the complaints and decided to address the problem. The Cabinet at the time tasked the line minister to investigate the matter with support of UNDP, which was concluded in 2012.”  The president continued that problems that were indicated in the report could be solved and there was no need to close the smelter. “Cabinet decided to improve smelter operations to meet Namibian and International standards of modernising infrastructure. Dundee was then entrusted to install modern high technology equipment that ensure the problem of 2011 is comprehensively addressed.“  Dundee chief executive officer and president, Rick Howes said the acid plant project is only the latest initiative in a series of investments made to upgrade the smelter to modern standards. “It costs N$2 billion, and it shows our commitment to improve the quality of life for employees and local people and also reduce the impact the smelter has on environment.“  The sulphuric acid produced is sold to uranium mines and is transported by rail to the coast.http://www.informante.web.na/smelter-fire-secrecy.17547  


Geingob opens N$3 billion sulphuric plant in Tsumeb
 

April 7, 2016 - President Hage Geingob yesterday inaugurated Dundee Precious Metal’s N$3.9 billion sulphuric acid plant in Tsumeb, part of a strategic new business venture for the copper smelting company.  The plant is said to be able to eliminate about 95 percent of toxic emissions pumped into the air by the smelter. The acid plant will capture sulphur dioxide emissions that result from the mineral smelting process and use these to produce sulphuric acid, a critical component in the mining industry.  The investment is expected to ensure there will be no emissions of sulphur dioxide into the air through the furnace stack, particularly over Tsumeb or the work areas of the smelter, which has for many years affected residents in the surrounding areas.  The N$3.9 billion investment in the state-of-the-art acid manufacturing plant is one of the largest direct capital investments in the country, bringing with it modern high technology and equipment of world-class standard.  “It is pleasing to note that our calls for increased beneficiation and value addition in the mining sector are being implemented by investors. The acid produced here will create business opportunities for TransNamib and other companies. These are the types of investments we value, investments that produce positive spillovers into the rest of our economy,” President Geingob said at the event, which was witnessed by Minister of Environment and Tourism Pohamba Shifeta, Minister of Defence Penda ya Ndakolo and Minister of Mines and Energy Obeth Kandjoze, among other high-ranking officials and senior managers.  “Today we can confidently say that Tsumeb Smelter is close to full compliance with Namibian standards, pending the finalisation of the certification process and I expect this process to be concluded expeditiously,” the president further stated.  Geingob also noted that Dundee’s investment is a positive response to the manner in which government continues to support the promotion of investment in the mining sector by creating a stable political environment and a conducive business climate.  Construction started in 2013 with N$2.6 billion having been committed to the construction of the acid plant, while the overall investment in the plant amounts to N$3.9 billion. The acid plant is expected to produce 230 000 to 280 000 tonnes of sulphuric acid per year, which will be contained within the acid plant and transported in approved, safe and secure containers to destinations nationally.  For over 50 years Tsumeb endured unpleasant sulphuric dioxide fumes from the smelter operation, which presented problems in terms of public and occupational health. These concerns led Cabinet to take a decision in 2011 to conduct an investigation into ways to resolve the problem, and this process eventually led to the establishment of an acid plant.  “We saw the challenge and decided to use it as a business opportunity to use these gases to develop new enterprises that would improve the environment. This is further an indication of Dundee’s commitment to improving the environment, investing in the region, as well as creating employment,” said Dundee’s vice president and managing director, Zebra Kaseta.  Kaseta said the project is just one of a series of investments made to upgrade the Tsumeb Smelter to modern standards.

 

Calabrian Corp. to begin public consultation on Timmins sulphur dioxide plant 

 

April 4, 2016 - Calabrian’s application is currently listed with the Ontario Environmental Registry, which is posted online at http://www.ebr.gov.on.ca/ERS-WEB-External. The EBR (Environmental Bill of Rights) reference number is 012-7078.  The application states that Calabrian is seeking compliance approvals and will include the addition of new or historically unapproved sources for all emissions from the sulphur dioxide manufacturing facility producing sulphur dioxide gas which will be condensed to the liquid state for storage and shipment.  The application includes all sources at the facility, including:

- two (2) sequential sulphur dioxide absorbers,
- one (1) cooling tower,
- two (2) natural gas fired boilers,
- natural gas fired comfort heating system and

- diesel fired emergency generator.

Emissions to the atmosphere from this facility include sulphur dioxide, particulate matter and products of combustion, said the application website.  The public consultation period began in mid-March and will continue through to the last week of April. Anyone wishing to comment on the Calabrian application is asked to do so by April 28, 2016.  All comments received before April 28, 2016, will be considered as part of the decision-making process by the Ministry if they are submitted in writing or electronically using the form provided in this notice and reference EBR Registry number 012-7078, said the government website.The website also notes that all comments and submissions received will become part of the public record. Participants will not receive a formal response to your comment, however; relevant comments received as part of the public participation process for this proposal will be considered by the decision maker for this proposal, said the website.  
  

Outotec Awardeda Sulphuric Acid Plant Contract from Boliden Harjavalta

April 1, 2016 - Outotec Oyj
has agreed with the Sweden-based mining and smelting company Boliden on the main design and delivery of proprietary equipment for a sulfuric acid plant to be built in connection with the Harjavalta nickel and copper smelter in Finland. The order has been booked in Outotec’s 2016 first quarter order intake, the value is not disclosed.  The Boliden Harjavalta plant is one of the largest nickel-copper smelters in Europe. The new gas-cleaning and sulfuric-acid-plant solutions designed by Outotec will process off-gas from the smelters into high-grade industrial sulfuric acid. The plant will meet all of the current and planned European environmental requirements through innovative gas cleaning, production of sulfuric acid and highly efficient heat recovery system. In order to recover as much energy as possible, the heat recovery system uses the surplus heat of the SO2 converter and turns it into high-pressure steam. The surplus heat from the drying and absorption section of the acid plant is converted into hot water and then supplied to the adjacent power plant for further use.  The first construction phase of the sulfuric acid plant is expected to be operational in May-June 2018.

 

Sulphur dioxide levels exceed maximum limit 

March 18, 2016 - The Bay of Plenty Regional Council is investigating recent spikes in sulphur dioxide gas levels recorded by air monitoring equipment located behind the Hewletts Rd industrial area in Mount Maunganui.  Pollution prevention manager Nick Zaman said the monitoring equipment had recorded unacceptably high sulphur dioxide levels on two occasions in recent weeks. "We know there are a number of sulphur dioxide sources in the area, which include industrial plants manufacturing fertilisers and processing chemicals as well as shipping and train activities."  Mr Zaman said the council had asked for monitoring information from local industries and would treat any breaches of resource consents conditions "very seriously".  The maximum upper limit set by National Environmental Standards for sulphur dioxide which must not be exceeded is 570 micrograms per cubic metre of air over a one hour average.  The two verified breaches were above the upper limits, spiking at 628 and 751 micrograms of sulphur dioxide per cubic metre over a one hour average on February 27 and March 5 respectively. The Pollution Prevention Hotline had received 19 complaints relating to this area in the past 12 months.

The Mar Camino solution 

March 15, 2016 - Copper concentrate is the raw material used to produce copper ingots. The copper concentrate also contains sulfur. Dry smelting performed by smelters in Japan like Saganoseki Smelter and Refinery, remove the sulfur content as a byproduct and process it into sulfuric acid.  Conversely, the wet smelting (solvent extraction-electrowinning [SX-EW]) method used to produce copper ingots produces the copper ingots through an electrolytic process from a leach solution obtained by dispersing sulfuric acid on copper ore. Typically this method uses large amounts of sulfuric acid. In Chile, the world’s number one copper producing country, the consumption of sulfuric acid can be very large depending on the global demand for copper.  To address this supply & demand equation the Mar Camino (Sea Road) was launched in 2010 as the world’s only sulfuric acid/copper concentrate ore (bulk) carrier.  The copper concentrate of 30% purity produced from the copper mines of Chile is stowed in the ship’s hold and then shipped mainly to the Pan Pacific Copper (PPC) Saganoseki Smelter & Refinery in Oita Prefecture. The by-product concentrated sulfuric acid produced in the dry smelting process is loaded in a special-purpose tank and shipped back to Chile, where it is again used in a smelting process at the copper mine or sold.With “freight” for the otherwise empty backhaul, the dual purpose Mar Camino thus reduces logistical costs. 

 

Technip to provide Dorr roaster system for KGHM’s Polish copper smelter project

 

February 16, 2016 - Technip has been selected to provide its Dorr Oliver FluoSolids roaster system for Poland-based mining company KGHM's Glogow I copper smelter optimisation project.  The 480t per day system will include the roaster, dry concentrate feeder and calcine cooler, and in-bed steam coils for cogeneration of electricity.  These components will remove organic carbon and sulphide sulphur from copper concentrate, reduce smelter emissions and improve copper production at the site.  Under the contract, Technip will also provide erection supervision, commissioning, and startup, as well as training assistance to KGHM.  Scheduled for completion in 2017, the project will be carried out by Technip's operating centre in Claremont, California, US.  Technip Stone & Webster Process Technology president Stan Knez said: "Technip's extensive experience in roasting technology along with our proven ability to meet a demanding schedule makes us uniquely qualified for this important project."  The Glogow copper smelter produces cathode copper as well as silver, gold, and concentrates of platinum group metals.  Construction of the refinery began in 1968 and was commissioned in July 1971. Production capacity during that period was 160,000t of electrolytic copper per year.  Technip recently installed the system at the Koniambo Nickel in New Caledonia and Vale's Copper Cliff smelter in Ontario, Canada.

 

Gecko’s Big Ambitions

February 16, 2016 - Gecko Namibia plans to establish the industrial park at Mile 16 between Swakopmund and Wlotzkasbaken. In August 2012, Cabinet decided to allocate 700 hectares of land to Gecko Namibia for the envisaged Vision Industrial Park (VIP). However, the 99-year lease agreement has not been signed yet. “The contract draft was submitted to the government for review and we await feedback,” said Pine van Wyk, MD of the Gecko Group. “The VIP chemical projects are dependent on a large uranium industry of at least four running mines. The Fukushima event caused delays in this development with Areva on care and maintenance and still a very low uranium price,” Van Wyk said. The industrial park entails a port, a desalination plant, a sulphuric acid plant, a soda ash  and bicarbonate soda plant and a caustic soda and phosphoric acid plant. Another subsidiary, Gecko Chemicals, will be the holding company of the chemical factories planned for the Vision Industrial Park. The uranium mining industry in Namibia currently imports all reagent chemicals required for leaching processes. Gecko intends producing sulphuric acid at its VIP plant from imported materials. Dundee Precious Metals recently constructed its own sulphuric acid plant and will become the first producer and supplier of sulphuric acid in Namibia. Dundee will supply Rössing Uranium with sulphuric acid and also the Tschudi copper mine near Tsumeb. Gecko’s intended acid plant will mainly supply its envisaged phosphate project, as well as uranium mines. Langer Heinrich Uranium (LHU) makes use of the alkaline leach process. It requires large quantities of soda ash, sodium bicarbonate and caustic soda as reagents. All of these chemicals are presently imported. Manufacturing of these chemicals can be achieved by using local raw materials such as sea salt and marble, according to Gecko.

Abuse of dominant position – commission issues statement of objection 

February 11, 2106 - In November 2015 the Competition Protection Commission issued a statement of objection against Aurubis Bulgaria AD and Aurubis AG. Based on its preliminary findings, the commission accused Aurubis of abuse of its dominant position in the Bulgarian market for the production and sale of sulphuric acid. The commission accused Aurubis of selling the acid at unjustifiably high prices and thereby discriminating against its Bulgarian customers in favour of international clients.  The commission began its investigation in 2013 following a claim brought by Agropolychim AD against Aurubis for abusing its dominant position as a sulphuric acid producer, and against Aurubis and KCM AD (Plovdiv) – a leading producer of non-ferrous and precious metals in Southeast Europe and the Black Sea Region – for concerted practices aimed at sharing the markets for the sale of sulphuric acid.  At the beginning of the investigation the commission conducted a dawn raid at Aurubis' offices in Pirdop. During the raid, the commission seized electronic, digital and forensic evidence from computer hard drives. Aurubis objected that copies of certain emails between the company and its external lawyers should not be reviewed by the commission as relevant evidence because they were subject to legal privilege. Thus, the commission had no right to request non-confidential versions of the emails to be submitted. Nevertheless, the commission issued a ruling by which, among other things, it accepted that the emails were business secrets and Aurubis was obliged to provide the commission with non-confidential versions in order to assess whether they were privileged. Aurubis objected to the ruling before the Supreme Administrative Court.  The appeal was considered impermissible because it was brought against an act of the commission, which alone could not be appealed before the court. According to the court, the commission's ruling, that certain information provided by the parties to the investigation did not qualify as a business secret, could be appealed separately. However, the court concluded that the commission's assessment of whether the evidence was relevant to the investigation and whether it was privileged could be appealed as part of the commission's final decision only.  The investigation is in its second phase. Aurubis can oppose the statement of objection and propose commitments, and has the right to be heard by the commission in an open hearing session. No time limit is envisaged for completion of the investigation.

King Mohammed VI Inaugurates MAD 6.1 billion OCP Projects
 


February 1, 2016 - King Mohammed VI inaugurated, Monday at the Jorf Lasfar industrial complex, a fertilizer plant dedicated to the African Market (Africa Fertilizer Complex) and the first stage of a seawater desalination plant for an overall budget of 6.1 billion dirhams.  Initiated by Morocco’s Office Cherifien de Phosphate (OCP), these large-scale projects represent a new embodiment of the Sovereign’s commitment to south-south cooperation, and his will to support OCP innovation and sustainable development initiatives, accompany its industrial strategy and consolidate Morocco’s leadership in the global phosphates market.  Africa fertilizer Complex, which was achieved upon the instructions of King Mohammed IV, aims to accompany the growth of African markets through continued and regular supply of fertilizers (DAP/MAP/NPK).  The new plant, which required a budget of 5.3 billion dirhams, consists of a Sulfuric acid plant (1.4 million tons per year), a phosphoric acid plant (450.000 tons per year), a fertilizer plant (one million tons of DAP per year), and a 62-megawatt solar station, and up to 200,000 tons of fertilizers storage infrastructure.  This mega project encourages technological and environmental innovation in sulfuric acid production through a 10 MW electric energy gain and an important reduction in seawater consumption. The sulfur dioxide (SO2) waste was reduced three times compared to international norms.  The seawater desalination plant, which is part of OCP’s “Water” strategy, aims to meet the additional needs created by the development of Khouribga-Jorf Lasfar platform without additional demand for conventional water.  The plant, which will be built in three stages, will reach an annual production of 75 million cubic meters.  These infrastructure projects reaffirm Morocco’s willingness to build efficient, productive and credible relations with African countries.  They will enable Morocco to have smart leadership on world phosphate market based on the parameters of productivity, profitability and more importantly, sustainability.