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Acid Plant Database  October 21, 2019

Owner Yara International

Location Cubatão, SP
Background Formerly
Bunge Fertilizantes S.A.www.bunge.com
- Vale Fosfatados www.valefertilizantes.com
Bunge-Logo.gif (1297 bytes)
Vale-Logo.gif (2341 bytes)
Website www.yara.com
Plant Cubatão
Coordinates* -
Type of Plant Sulphur Burning
Gas Source Elemental Sulphur
Plant Capacity Original: 600 MTPD (nominal), 720 MTPD (maximum)
2005: 1100 MTPD
SA/DA 3/1 DA
Status -
Year Built 1978
Technology Chemiebau
Contractor Davy Power Gas
Remarks 1994 - Oleum System added.  Capacity 140 MTPD
1995 - Gas/gas heat exchanger E104 replaced
1999 - Sulphur furnace replaced
        - Final absorber tower modified
1993 - Converter/catalyst operation optimized

Booster blower installed in series with existing KKK blower to increase plant capacity

General -
References -
News May 9, 2018 - The Brazilian Administrative Council for Economic Defence (CADE) has approved Yara's acquisition of the Vale Cubatão Fertilizantes complex, allowing Yara to proceed with completing the USD 255 million transaction and integration process. Yara expects closing to take place by the end of May.

Novemeber 17, 2017
- Yara has entered into an agreement to acquire the Vale Cubatão Fertilizantes complex in Brazil from Vale S.A.  for an enterprise value of  USD  255 million.  The acquisition will establish Yara as a nitrogen producer in Brazil, strengthening its production footprint and complementing its existing distribution position.  "I am pleased to announce this agreement, which will bring nitrogen production assets into our growing portfolio in Brazil, strengthening both our industrial and fertilizer production and sales," said Svein Tore Holsether, President and Chief Executive Officer of Yara.  "The nitrogen assets have a strong competitive position, as Brazil is a net importer of nitric acid and nitrates. This deal is an important step towards establishing a more complete position in Brazil, strengthening our position as a long-term competitive industry player, committed to developing and investing in Brazilian agriculture and industry," said Svein Tore Holsether.  The Cubatão asset is a nitrogen and phosphate complex with an annual production capacity of approximately 200 kilotons of ammonia, 600 kilotons of nitrates and 980 kilotons of phosphate fertilizer.  The complex employs approximately 970 permanent and 930 contracted employees.  Natural gas feedstock for the ammonia production is sourced from local suppliers, while additional ammonia, phosphate rock, sulphur and other raw materials are supplied via a nearby import terminal which is not part of the transaction.  In 2016 the Cubatão complex sold approximately 1.3 million tonnes of nitrogen and phosphate products (2.5 million tonnes including CO2and other intermediate products), generating pro-forma net revenues of USD 413 million and an EBITDA of USD 30 million. 2015 pro-forma net revenues and EBITDA were respectively USD 532 million and USD 89 million. The purchase price will be adjusted at closing for any deviation between the closing working capital and a normalized working capital level.  Yara expects to make upgrading investments of approximately USD 80 million up to 2020 in order to realize annual synergies of USD 25 million through a combination of cost, asset and product portfolio optimizations.  The agreement is subject to the approval of relevant competition authorities and other regulatory approvals. The agreement is also subject to the right of first refusal of a third party not being exercised by end 2017. Closing is expected to take place in second half 2018.


January 28, 2010 - Brazilian mining company Vale said on Wednesday that it would pay $3.8 billion to buy Bunge Ltd's fertilizer assets in Brazil, as global demand for potash is boosted by growing food consumption.  Vale will acquire Bunge Participacoes e Investimentos SA (BPI), which owns phosphate rock mines and phosphate assets and a direct and indirect stake of 42.3 percent in the capital of Fosfertil, a leading Brazilian fertilizer company.  The deal, which does not include any of U.S.-based Bunge's Brazilian retail or distribution business, marks Vale's biggest acquisition since its $18.2 billion takeover of Canada's Inco in 2006, as it sought to expand into nickel production.  Analysts expect cost savings and synergy gains as Vale takes advantage of its railway and logistics network to distribute phosphate and fertilizer products across Brazil.  Leonardo Alves, an analyst at Link Investimentos in Sao Paulo, agreed there would be synergies, but that was not the main reason for the takeover.  "Brazil will be one of the main global markets for fertilizers. As agribusinesses look to increase output, they will need more fertilizers."  Vale said in a securities filing that it was paying $1.65 billion for BPI's phosphate rock and phosphates assets, and the remaining $2.15 billion for the shares of Fosfertil held directly and indirectly by BPI.  It will launch a mandatory offer to buy out the common shares held by the minority shareholders of Fosfertil, which may cost Vale as much as $3 billion according to analysts' forecasts.  Vale shares dipped 2.1 percent to 41.70 reais in afternoon trade, while Fosfertil shares fell 3.9 percent to 18.25 reais. Bunge shares were down 1.5 percent to $61.12 in New York Stock Exchange trading. 

The deal is the latest sign of growing interest in the global fertilizer business, which has seen a spate of merger and acquisition activity in recent months, including a battle for Terra Industries Inc.  Vale, the world's largest iron ore producer and exporter, has said it is interested in strategic acquisitions in the fertilizer sector to become a leading global player. It was reported to have been in talks that ultimately failed last year to acquire U.S. potash producer Mosaic.  The company is developing a world-class potash deposit in Brazil's northeast and has set aside $479 million to bring its Bayovar project in Peru online this year.  Vale's growing bets on fertilizer are part of a strategy to benefit from rising global food consumption and agricultural output in South America and Asia.  "This transaction is instrumental to the consolidation of Vale's strategy on focusing on Brazil as the main market for its production of phosphates, given the potential of the acquired mines as well as the growth associated with our projects around the world," Vale Chief Executive Roger Agnelli said.  Brazil is the world's fourth biggest consumer of fertilizer but is highly dependent on imports.   BPI is Brazil's No. 2 producer of phosphate fertilizers. It has two phosphate rock mines, in Minas Gerais and Sao Paulo states, which produced 1.6 million tonnes in 2008, and four processing plants for the production of fertilizers.  Fosfertil operates three phosphate rock mines, with a total nominal annual production capacity of 3.4 million tonnes. It is also developing Salitre, a project in Minas Gerais state with preliminary production capacity of 2 million tonnes per year.  Vale, which sold a stake in Fosfertil to Bunge for $84 million in 2003, said the technology it can use to extract potash and other minerals for fertilizers is similar to the technology it employs to mine iron ore. 

Bunge, which expects the deal to be closed in the second quarter of 2010, will retain its fertilizer operations in Argentina and the United States and its 50-percent stake in a joint-venture with OCP in Morocco.  "It was clear this was the right move at the right time," said Bunge Chairman and Chief Executive Alberto Weisser on a conference call with analysts.  The deal will enable Bunge to focus resources on growth of its agribusiness and food/ingredients businesses and improve its financial profile, he said. Net proceeds from the deal are expected to reach around $3.5 billion.  The deal was seen also as an opportunity for the company to exit upstream activities. Low-cost fertilizer capacity is expected to come on-line in the next few years as mining companies enter the global market, and the strong local currency in Brazil reduces margins, Weisser said.   Resources could also be directed to its Brazilian sugar and ethanol operations, which were recently expanded through the takeover of Brazilian group Moema for $452 million.

MTPD - Metric Tonne per Day           STPD - Short Ton per Day
MTPA - Metric Tonne per Annum      STPA - Short Ton per Annum
SA - Single Absorption
DA - Double Absorption

* Coordinates can be used to locate plant on Google Earth