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Sulphuric Acid on the WebTM Technical Manual DKL Engineering, Inc.

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Acid Plant Database   December 22, 2020

Owner Metsä Group

Location Äänekoski
Background -
Website www.metsafibre.com
Plant Äänekoski BioProduct Mill
Coordinates* 62° 35' 35.5" N 25° 44' 58.5" E
Type of Plant Wet Gas
Gas Source Concentrated Non-Condensable Gas (CNCG)
Plant Capacity 35 MTPD
Emissions -
Status Operating
Year Built 2017
Technology Valmet www.valmet.com
Contractor -
Remarks Concentrated non-condensable gases (CNCG) are collected and lead to a collection tank, from which they are taken to a separate incinerator. In the separate incinerator, total reduced sulfur compounds in the CNCG are oxidized into SO2. The flue gas from the boiler is led to a catalytic reaction vessel. The catalyst oxidizes SO2 by using excess oxygen supplied through combustion air into SO3. Flue gases from the catalytic converter are passed into a condensing tower. The temperature of the flue gases is reduced with the cooling liquid and the SO3 in the flue gases reacts with H2O to produce sulfuric acid.
General -
References Sulphuric acid production from pulp mill non condensable gases, Naveen Chenna, Eevi Smolander, Tero Juutilainen, Erkki Välimäki
News May 20, 2016 - Valmet will supply a sulfuric acid plant to Metsä Group's bioproduct mill in Äänekoski for in-house sulfuric acid production. By means of the new sulfuric acid plant of its own the bioproduct mill can utilize the chemicals in the odorous gases of the pulp manufacturing process. This will help to reduce the wastewater load considerably. The start-up of the plant is scheduled for the third quarter of 2017.Valmet's delivery is part of Metsä Group's sulfuric acid plant investment that is valued at roughly EUR 20 million. The order is included in Valmet's second quarter 2016 orders received. The value of the order is not disclosed."The sulfuric acid plant producing process chemicals from sulfur compounds from odorous gases is a remarkable step towards closed chemical circulation and further improves the environmental performance of the bioproduct mill," says Timo Merikallio, Project Director of bioproduct mill at Metsä Group."More efficient utilization of the raw materials and putting circular economy into practice within the industry increases the need for new innovations. The sulfuric acid plant technology that will be delivered to Äänekoski is developed by Valmet. We have developed also multiple new biotechnology processes for pulp and energy industries including lignin and bio-oil production," says Risto Hämäläinen, Director, Environmental Systems at Valmet.  Technical information about the deliveryThe order includes a sulfuric acid plant developed by Valmet.  The plant consists of a concentrated non-condensable gas (CNCG) incinerator and a sulfuric acid converting plant. The production capacity of the plant will be approximately 35 tons of sulfuric acid per day.  This will be the world's first larger scale sulfuric acid plant that will be in operation at a pulp mill.The new plant will enable the bioproduct mill to become nearly self-sufficient in sulfuric acid, as the odorous gases produced in the pulping process can be converted into sulfuric acid. This will bring significant environmental advantages. The amount of sulfate lead to the mill's effluent treatment plant will be reduced and the sulfate load in the nearby waterways will be smaller compared to the current mill in Äänekoski. The CNCG incineration plant can be used as a back-up boiler for producing process steam by incinerating CNCG, tall oil pitch or liquid methanol.

MTPD - Metric Tonne per Day           STPD - Short Ton per Day
MTPA - Metric Tonne per Annum      STPA - Short Ton per Annum
SA - Single Absorption
DA - Double Absorption

* Coordinates can be used to locate plant on Google Earth