headerdrawing1.jpg (96365 bytes)

Sulphuric Acid on the WebTM Technical Manual DKL Engineering, Inc.

Knowledge for the Sulphuric Acid Industry Line.jpg (1139 bytes)

Sulphuric Acid on the Web

Equipment Suppliers

Industry News
Acid Traders

Used Plants
Intellectual Propoerty
Acid Plant Database
Market Information

Technical Manual


Plant Safety
Metallurgial Processes
Sulphur Burning
Acid Regeneration
Lead Chamber
Gas Cleaning
Strong Acid
Acid Storage

Sulphur Systems
Liquid SO2
Boiler Feed Water
Steam Systems

Cooling Water
Effluent Treatment
Analytical Procedures
Materials of Construction
Vendor Data

DKL Engineering, Inc.

Handbook of Sulphuric Acid Manufacturing
Order Form

Sulphuric Acid Decolourization
Order Form
Table of Contents

Process Engineering Data Sheets - PEDS
Order Form
Table of Contents


Bibliography of Sulphuric Acid Technology
Order Form


Sulphuric Acid Plant Specifications

Google Search new2.gif (111 bytes)



Acid Plant Database  September 18, 2015

Owner Lucite International, Inc.

Lucite-Logo.gif (5611 bytes)

Operator E.I. DuPont de Nemours & Company
Location 2665 Fite Road
Memphis, Tennessee

USA  38127

E.I. DuPont de Nemours & Company
1993 - ICI Acrylics, Inc. acquires DuPont’s MMA and acrylic sheeting business at this site

1999 - ICI Acrylics stock sold and name changed to Ineos Acrylics, Inc.
2002 - Name changed to Lucite International, Inc.



Plant -
Coordinates* 35° 16' 8" N, 89° 58' 37" W
Type of Plant Acid Regeneration
Gas Source Spent acid from MMA process
Plant Capacity 680 MTPD
SA/DA DA - Retrofit 2006
Emissions -


Year Built 1972
Technology -
Contractors -
Remarks 1975-1978 - Plant modified to increase production
1996 - Converter replaced
2006 - Plant converted from single to double absorption at a cost of ~$16 million
- New stainless steel converter
- 4 new gas-gas heat exchangers
- New anodically protected acid cooler
- New intermediate absorption tower
Pictures Lucite - Memphis 1.jpg (209961 bytes)  Lucite - Memphis 2.jpg (145633 bytes) 
General -
Reference -

May 25, 2010 - Potentially dangerous chemical fumes at the Lucite International plant near Millington led to the evacuation of businesses and residences along Highway 51 and Fite Road Tuesday morning.  The Lucite plant, which is next to the Dupont plant, started fuming a vapor mix of sulfur dioxide and sulfur trioxide, which reacts with moisture in the air to create a dense sulfuric acid mist. Sulfur trioxide can be harmful if ingested or inhaled, and can also cause skin and severe eye irritation on contact.  Plant spokesman Tom Eubanks said there was not a chemical leak, but referred to the situation as "a fuming condition" as the sulfuric acid regeneration plant was started up.  The Shelby County Fire Department and HAZMAT teams were called in to assist.  Several businesses along Highway 51 between Fite Road and the Loosahatchie River in about a one mile radius were evacuated until emergency crews safely cleared the scene.  Steve Shular, a spokesman for the Shelby County Sheriff's Office, said 30-40 people in the immediate area were affected by the evacuation.   No injuries have been reported.

May 29, 2009 - On November 11, 2008, Mitsubishi Rayon Co., Ltd. announced its intention to purchase Lucite International Group Limited of the United Kingdom, and to convert the company into a consolidated subsidiary of Mitsubishi Rayon. We herewith announce that all procedures required for the said purchase and the inclusion of Lucite International in the Company’s scope of consolidation were completed on May 28, 2009.   The acquisition of Lucite International will make Mitsubishi Rayon into the leading company in the world MMA monomer market, and it constitutes the first step in expanding the Company’s core business, which is a priority issue under our current medium-term plan for three years to March 2011.  Mitsubishi Rayon will become the sole possessor of the world’s current three main technologies for MMA production, and the Company will be the largest maker of MMA monomer with a balanced production structure encompassing the United States, Europe, and East Asia. Thanks to this production system and its superior technology, including the new ethylene process (Alpha technology) of MMA production, the Company will be well-placed to satisfy all its customers’ needs, thereby achieving growth.  The assets and liabilities held by Lucite International will be included on the balance sheet of Mitsubishi Rayon for the settlement of accounts, on a consolidated basis, as of June 30, 2009, the end of the first quarter of fiscal 2009 (the business year ending March 31, 2010). However, profits and losses recorded by Lucite for the first quarter will be excluded from the income statements of Mitsubishi Rayon on a consolidated basis.

April 13, 2009 - China’s competition authorities are holding up the takeover of UK acrylics maker Lucite by a Japanese materials group, the Financial Times reported. Mitsubishi Rayon had agreed to acquire Lucite for US$1.6 billion in November and had expected to complete the deal by January. However, sources told the paper that China’s Ministry of Commerce (MofCom) has withheld approval for the acquisition, making it the only global antitrust regulator to not approve the deal. While neither Mitsubishi Rayon nor Lucite are based in China, both companies have sales and manufacturing in in the country, thus requiring MofCom approval for any takeover.

November 11, 2008 - The Board of Lucite International Group Limited ("Lucite" or the "Company"), has announced that the Company is to be acquired by Mitsubishi Rayon Co., Ltd. ("Mitsubishi Rayon") for a total cash consideration of approximately $1.6 billion. The acquisition, which is subject to approval by the relevant regulatory authorities, is expected to be completed by the end of January 2009.  Lucite is the world's leading manufacturer of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and owner of the globally renowned Lucite® and Perspex brands®. The Company was formed from an amalgamation of the acrylics businesses of ICI and DuPont in 1993 and has been majority owned by the private equity investor, Charterhouse Capital Partners LLP, since 1999. Lucite owns the new low cost and proprietary MMA production route, known as Alpha technology. The Company has invested in the development of this new technology, which fundamentally changes the economics of MMA manufacturing, and the first Alpha plant has begun to manufacture MMA in Singapore in the last few days and will be fully operational by the end of this year.  The acquisition will make Mitsubishi Rayon the global leader in this market and confirms its position as the leading acrylics manufacturer in the fast growing Asian markets. The acquisition will lift Mitsubishi Rayon’s annual sales to approximately ¥600 billion, putting it well on the way towards achieving its target of ¥1 trillion annual sales. In the year ended 31 December 2007, Lucite generated revenues of £849 million and earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) of £114 million.

October 17, 2005 - The Justice Department and the Environmental Protection Agency have reached a major Clean Air Act (CAA) settlement with Lucite International, Inc. (Lucite) requiring the chemical manufacturer to install pollution controls on three emission sources at its Memphis, Tennessee plant, which will eliminate 6,500 tons of pollution each year. Under the terms of the settlement announced today, Lucite will install an estimated $16 million worth of new pollution controls, in addition to paying a civil penalty of $1.8 million and performing a supplemental environmental project worth $1.3 million.  The federal government alleged that the company violated CAA provisions of the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS), the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs), and the Protection of Stratospheric Ozone. Today's settlement resolves allegations that the company violated the CAA at its Memphis facility.  "The settlement announced today demonstrates our commitment to aggressively enforcing the laws that protect our environment and our citizens," said Kelly A. Johnson, Acting Assistant Attorney General for the Justice Department's Environment and Natural Resources Division. "This agreement will significantly improve the air quality for the people of Tennessee."  Lucite will install a $16 million dual absorption control system on its Sulfuric Acid Regeneration Unit, which will result in the elimination of approximately 2,500 tons of sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions per year, to comply with NSPS standards.  In addition, Lucite will implement a supplemental environmental project to reroute emissions from two other plant emission sources. This will result in a 90% reduction of previously permitted emissions from these sources. Implementation of this project will cost Lucite approximately $1.3 million.   "The people of Tennessee and others downwind of this facility will soon benefit from this settlement," said Granta Y. Nakayama, Assistant Administrator of EPA's Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance. "Reducing harmful emissions from Lucite's Memphis facility is a major step toward achieving cleaner air."   "As a result of the settlement, Lucite will reduce emissions of pollutants that contribute to acid rain, cause severe respiratory problems and exacerbate cases of childhood asthma, which are of great concern to EPA," said Jimmy Palmer, EPA Regional Administrator in Atlanta.

MTPD - Metric Tonne per Day           STPD - Short Ton per Day
MTPA - Metric Tonne per Annum      STPA - Short Ton per Annum
SA - Single Absorption
DA - Double Absorption

* Coordinates can be used to locate plant on Google Earth