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Acid Plant Database   November 21, 2016


Open Joint-Stock Company "Severonickel Combine"

Kola Mining-Metallurgical Company (KMMC)

Nikel-Logo.gif (4529 bytes)


184280, Monchegorsk
Murmansk region


Background 1938 – Operation founded
Part of Norilsk Nickel
Website www.nornik.ru
Plant Servonickel Plant
Coordinates* -
Type of Plant Metallurgical
Gas Source Vanyukov Furnace
Plant Capacity -
Status -
Year Built -
Technology -
Contractor -
Remarks -
Pictures KMMC-Servonickel-1.jpg (103599 bytes)  KMMC-Servonickel-2.jpg (73829 bytes)  KMMC-Servonickel-3.jpg (142317 bytes)  KMMC-Servonickel-4.jpg (1599598 bytes)  KMMC-Servonickel-5.jpg (95594 bytes)
General -
References -
News November 21, 2016 - The notoriously polluting Kola Mining and Metallurgy Combine (KMMC) has said it plans to reduce annual emissions of sulfur dioxide by nearly half within two years, it’s parent company told Bellona.  A source of tension between Norway and Russia since the fall of the Soviet Union, the KMMC – a daughter company of the giant Norilsk Nickel based in Northern Siberia – yearly emits some 80,000 tons of the heavy metal, much of which finds its way into northern Norway.  Norilsk Nickel itself announced last week that it would slash emissions in its hometown – the most polluted city in Russia – by as much as 75 percent by 2020.  Yury Yushin, who heads the Norilsk Nickel’s department of cooperative programs told Bellona that the company intends to reduce its emissions to 44,000 tons a year by 2019. He didn’t, however, discuss any specifics behind the dramatic reduction.  But the fact that a major polluter in both Northwest Russia and Northern Siberia is announcing such major pollution slashes – while it’s not clear how they will achieve them – has encouraged Bellona.  The bulk of emissions from the KMMC originate from its facilities in the Kola Peninsula industrial cities of Zapolyarny and Nikel. Higher than safe emissions of sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere around and adjoining the Kola Peninsula have for 25 years been a sore spot between Norway and Russia.  Yushin told Bellona the KMMC has managed to solve problem high emissions from Zapolyarny without raising them in Nikel.  Alexander Tyukin, the KMMC’s head of science and technical development and environmental safety, told Bellona that funding to reduce polluting emissions would be come from a variety of investment programs.  The most cited source of pollution at the KMMC, said Tyukin, is its briquetting workshop in Zapolyarny. “The construction and launch of this installation allowed us to reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide by 35,000 tons a year,” Tyukin said. “This is a serious and very significant environmental effect.”  He underscored that solving emissions problems in Zapolyarny allowed the company to forgo raising emissions in Nikel  According to company represenatives, sulfur dioxide emissions from Nikel 2015 amounted to 79,980 tons in 2015; emissions from Zapolyarny came to 40,000 tons, and emissions from its third facility in Monchegorsk amounted to 37,000 tons.  These amounts, however, represent an increase over 2014 sulfur dioxide emission figures.  Yushin told Bellona that closing the closure of a nickel factory in Norilsk in Northern Siberia liquidated a source of some 370,000 tons of sulfur dioxide.  “The factory was built in 1942. It even looked monstrous,” Yushin told Bellona. “Production was closed because working that way was no longer feasible.”  Yet, the smelting workshop in Nikel looks just as monstrous and was built even earlier, in 1940. 

Nickel Refining to move to Monchegorsk

In conjunction with the factory closure in Norilsk, nickel production will move along different lines. Its refining will move to Monchegorsk not far from the Norwegian border.  It will be processed at the Nadezhda Metallurgy Factory in Norilsk.  “Emissions in Monchegorsk will not go up because final nickel production will be facilitated with different technology,” said Yushin.  A facility will also be built to cleanse salt runoff from nickel production before it’s dumped in water sources. Yushin said salt would be boiled out of water and returned to further nickel production. The cost of that project, he said, would be 1.5 billion rubles ($23.4 million).  Yelena Bezdenezhnikh, Norilsk Nickel’s vice president, said in a release (in Russian) that the company was planning to invest 27.7 rubles ($432.6 million) in the KMMC between 2017 and 2018.  She said the funding would be “directed to realizing strategic projects for company development, boosting its economic and environmental effectiveness, and renewing technology and equipment.”  The developments have encouraged environmentalists, though they hope the announcements don’t just remain on paper.  “This is good news for the environment in the region because today’s emissions from the KMMC are unacceptable,” said Oskar Njaa, an advisor in Bellona’s Russian group. “Bellona supports the KMMC’s intention to lessen its negative effect on the environment and is ready to offer help and cooperation to make the Arctic cleaner.”

May 10, 2016 -
No sooner had chimneys pumping sulfur dioxide into Northwest Russian and Scandinavia been stifled last month than they were given permission Tuesday to carry on business as usual by Russia’s federal environmental oversight agency, Rosprirodnadzor.Pollution bellowing from the KMMC’s facilities has long been a point of fierce debate among Russia, Finland and Norway, the later of which gets polluted to the tune of some 100,000 tons of the heavy metal sulfur dioxide annually. Russia has often counterattacked by saying its Northwest is getting gassed by Norwegian emissions. Norway maintains such accusationsare based on distorted data – most of it furnished by Rosprirodnadzor itself.On Tuesday, officials from the agency told Bellona it had reviewed its decision to deny the Kola Mining and Metallurgy Combine’s emissions license for its facility in the industrial town of Nikel, near Murmansk.
The KMMC occupies three towns on the Kola Peninsula: Zapolyarny, where the KMMC mines its nickel ore, Nikel where it is smelted, and Monchegorsk, where the nickel is refined.Facilities in Nikel saw their license restored, and the nickel smelting plant run by the KMMC – a daughter company of the sprawling Norilsk Nickel – can again release sulfur dioxide and other polluting emissions into the environment.Russia’s Ministry of National Resources even threw in a little award for Norilsk Nickel – which produces 40 percent of the world’s nickel – for its environmental conscience. The all but bogus Evolution Award, established in 2013, was shared among the nickel giant and five other multi-billion dollar Russian companies with dubious, even discredited, environmental credentials.The Kola Peninsula’s nickel smelting facility was last month denied its emissions license on the basis of what Rosprirodnadzor auditors said were inaccurate, contradictory and even concocted figures in its routinely submitted emissions reports. Pollution permits had earlier been issued to the KMMC’s factory in Zapolyarny.Bellona reviewed a letter – shared by the Independent Barents Observer news portal – sent from Rosprirodnadzor to KMMC management, which revealed that company’s reports lacked information about achieving zero emissions status and closing several of its emitting sources.The only information submitted by KMMC toward attaining these goals, the letter indicated, were problems arising in production of briquettes or pellets, one of the more promising ways for the company to absorb sulfur dioxide before it his the air.The letter also said the KMMC had provided accurate information on one other count – the construction of a new oven with a gas tight dome reducing by 40 percent gas leakage into the atmosphere of the briquette workshop.The Rosprirodnadzor letter read further that the KMMC couldn’t even reach conclusive figures attesting to how many tons the plant had reduced overall emissions.But a source in the Murmansk branch of Rosprirodnadzor told Bellona at the end of April that the denial of the license would be reviewed: and now it has, based on new specialist appraisals of how business is being conducted in Nikel.“Our representatives went to the facility and they saw that the [company’s] specified measures had been undertaken according to plan, so Rosprirodnadzor has issued an emission permission for Nikel,” the source told Bellona.Mikhail Shkondin, head of environmental monitoring for the KMMC, likewise confirmed to Bellona that the Nikel plant had been recertified to pollute.“After the visit of auditors from Rosprirodnadzor, they were convinced all our announced [emissions reduction] plans had been implemented, and the agency agreed to permit emissions of polluting substances at the same levels at which the Zapolyarny facility is allowed, the same as they were allowed last year, “ Shkondin told Bellona in an interview Tuesday.

June 25, 2009
- Kola MMC’s plants near the Norwegian border emitted 97.7 thousand tons of sulphur dioxide in 2008.  That is five times more than the entire Norwegian emissions of sulphur dioxide.  Norilsk-Nickel recently published some of their environmental data for 2008 at the company’s own website. The local branch, Kola Mining and Metallurgical Company (Kola MMC), is still emitting huge amounts of sulphur dioxide in the border areas between Norway and Russia.  At the roasting plant in Zapolyarny and the smelter in Nikel the total emission of sulphur dioxide (SO2) was near 100 thousand tons in 2008.  Both plants are located some few kilometres from the Norwegian border.  Norway’s estimated total emission of sulphur dioxide was 20 thousand tons according to the 2008 statistics from Norwegian Pollution Control Authorities.  The highest concentrations of sulphur dioxide pollution in Norway are found along the border to Russia.  From the plants in Monchegorsk, also on the Kola Peninsula, the total emission of sulphur dioxide was 34.3 thousand tons in 2008, according to the company's own figures.   Kola MMC writes at their website about their forest rehabilitation programs in the areas adjacent to its production sites. Since 2003, 18.5 hectares of land in the Pechenga district, where the smelter in Nikel and roaster in Zaployarny are located, were recultivated. 81.5 hectares near Monchegorsk 81,5 hectares were recultivated. Total costs of this work reached 65.4 million rubles.  In 2007, Kola MMC produced 7.6 million tons of ore, 116 thousand tons of nickel and 66 thousand tons of copper. Kola Peninsula’s refining capacities at Monchegorsk process both Kola Peninsula high-grade matte and matte received from the Polar Division located in Norilsk on the Taimyr Peninsula, northern Siberia.  

MTPD - Metric Tonne per Day           STPD - Short Ton per Day
MTPA - Metric Tonne per Annum      STPA - Short Ton per Annum
SA - Single Absorption
DA - Double Absorption

* Coordinates can be used to locate plant on Google Earth