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Sulphuric Acid on the WebTM Technical Manual DKL Engineering, Inc.

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Acid Plant Database  July 31, 2020


Owner Turkmenabat Chemical Plant


Location Turkmenabat (Chardjou/Charjew/Chardzhou)
Background Formerly Chardzhou Superphosphate Plant


Plant Plant No. 1 Plant No. 2 Plant No. 3
Coordinates 39° 1' 22" N, 63° 33' 32" E 39° 1' 17" N, 63° 33' 16" E 39° 1' 22" N, 63° 33' 19" E
Type of Plant Sulphur Burning Sulphur Burning Sulphur Burning
Gas Source Elemental Sulphur Elemental Sulphur Elemental Sulphur
Plant Capacity - - 1500 MTPD
500,000 MTPA
SA/DA - - DA
Emissions - - -
Status - - Operating
Year Built - - 2016
Technology - - MECS
Contractor - -
Japanese Mitsui and Turkish Rönesans rhi.ronesans.com

Renaissance Construction

Renaissance Heavy Industries participated in the construction of a sulfuric acid plant together with its consortium partner Japanese Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. The project was implemented within the framework of the Turkmenabad chemical plant affiliated with the State Concern Turkmenkhimiya.  The turnkey contract was executed for the facility with a production of 500,000 tonnes annually and a total area of 57,000 m². For the purposes of the project, 18,000 m³ of concrete were used, as well as 1,310 tonnes of steel, 2,391 tonnes of equipment, and 1,310 tonnes of piping.

Remarks - - -
Pictures Chardzhou Superphosphate 1.jpg (213221 bytes)
Chardzhou Superphosphate 2.jpg (145992 bytes) Chardzhou Superphosphate 3.jpg (152866 bytes)


References -
News March 31, 2018 - Ashgabat has hosted an International Scientific Conference “Turkmenistan's Chemical Industry on the Path of Progress”, the Neutral Turkmenistan newspaper reported.  Prospects of production of mineral fertilizers and other products, strengthening and expanding partnership ties, exchange of experience and training of personnel will be considered during the conference.  The event is designed to strengthen the Turkmen economic potential and expand the export capabilities of the industry.  Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov has sent his greetings to the participants of the conference.  “It is impossible to imagine the daily life of people, the economic growth of the country without the products of the chemical industry,” he said. “Therefore, taking into account the important tasks facing the industry, the Turkmen state makes enormous efforts to support the activities of the domestic chemical industry, first of all by creating big modern facilities and modernization of the existing production facilities in accordance with the modern requirements.”  Representatives of about 40 foreign companies and firms will take part in the event, including Mitsubishi Corporation and Kawasaki Plant Systems Ltd (Japan), Samsung and LG International Corporation (South Korea), Shell International B.V. (Netherlands), MAN Diesel & Turbo SE (Germany), Haldor Topsoe A/S (Denmark), Oxbow Sulfur & Fertilizer Sarl (Switzerland).  The structure of Turkmenistan’s Turkmenhimiya State Concern includes ten facilities. The main products manufactured by the facilities of the industry are intended for the agro-industrial complex of the country.  Ammonium-carbamide complexes are successfully operated in the Turkmen cities of Tejen and Mary, according to the report.  Based on the contract signed with a consortium of Mitsubishi Corporation (Japan) and GAP Insaat Yatirim ve Dis Ticaret A.S. (Turkey), construction of the third big ammonium-carbamide complex with a capacity of 1.155 million tons of carbamide per year is nearing completion in the Garabogaz city of the Balkan province. Turkmenhimiya State Concern is working to develop the production of potash fertilizers.  In March 2017, the Garlyk potash fertilizer plant was commissioned. The program for the development of the chemical industry envisages construction of new facilities for the production of potash fertilizers at the Karabil and Tyubegatan deposits.  In order to expand the production of phosphate fertilizers at the Turkmenabat chemical plant, a sulfuric acid plant with capacity of 500,000 tons per year was commissioned in July 2016. Turkmenistan occupies one of the leading positions in the world in terms of reserves of hydro-mineral raw materials, and in particular iodine and its derivatives, the report said.In the near future, it is planned to start construction of new plants for the production of iodine, bromine and their derivatives in the Balkan province of Turkmenistan.  The promising sphere of the chemical industry development includes production of household chemicals, organic polymers such as polypropylene, polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, as well as carbamide-formaldehyde, melamine-formaldehyde resins and various paints on their basis, adhesives, construction and other materials.

July 10, 2016
- A workshop for the production of 500,000 tons of sulfuric acid per year was commissioned at a chemical plant in Turkmenabat town, Lebap region, Turkmenistan, the Turkmen government’s report said.  According to the report, the project was implemented by a consortium consisting of Japanese Mitsui company and Turkish Rönesans company.  "The design capacity of the workshop is not only to fully meet the country’s domestic demand for high-quality sulfuric acid but also supply most of products for export," the report said.  Sulfuric acid is an important component in the production of mineral phosphate fertilizers. This chemical is also used in the production of other acids and salts, medicaments and detergents, dyes, synthetic fibers.  Chemical industry is one of the most promising sectors of the Turkmen economy. The priority is to increase capacity for the production of various types of fertilizers.

January 6, 2014
- Production infrastructure of Turkmenabat chemical plant will be replenished with manufacture for production of sulfuric acid with capacity of 500,000 tons per year. As Turkmenistan.ru reported, corresponding decree was signed by President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov.  During a recent meeting of the Government of Turkmenistan President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov was informed on the progress of work on concluding Agreement on construction of a sulfuric acid production workshop at the Turkmenabat chemical plant with authoritative international companies. According to the Turkmenhimiya State Concern such long-term partners of Turkmenistan in the sphere of construction of large industrial facilities as Mitsui Engineering & Shipbulding Co., Ltd (Japan) and Rönesans Türkmen Inşaat Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Turkey) expressed their interest in implementation of this significant project.  Moreover, the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) that highly appreciates the prospects of joint cooperation due to the “open-door” policy pursued by President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov and favourable investment climate created in the country for foreign partners demonstrates keen interest in investing the project.  A high level of professionalism and qualification of foreign partners in this field is proved by the fact that Mitsui Inginiring & Shipbulding Co., Ltd has experience in construction of over 70 similar modern plants on production of sulfuric acid in Japan and many other countries. The Japanese company applies the most advanced technologies that are used in most sulfuric acid plants in the US and about a half of similar plants throughout the world.  As is known, Mitsui Inginiring & Shipbulding Co., Ltd uses a generally accepted license technology of the Monsanto Company (the US). According to the project, a new sulfuric acid production workshop will consist of a single technological line of the double absorption process with a continuous production capacity of 1,500 metric tons of sulfuric acid per day. The workshop will work round-the-clock 333 working days a year.  Speaking about the significance of this large investment project for the national economy of our country, it should be noted that the Turkmenabat chemical plant producing phosphate fertilizers and sulfuric acid is the only producer of this type of fertilizers in Turkmenistan. The main product manufactured at the plant is phosphate fertilizer - ammonium superphosphate that contains phosphorus and nitrogen. This valuable fertilizer is of great demand among the agricultural workers of our country.  The existing sulfuric acid production plant with the project capacity of 500,000 tons per year was put into operation in 1985. Due to the long-term operation in corrosive medium the basic technological units and equipment do not satisfy the modern requirements.  The Programme on developing Lebap Velayat within the framework of the National Programme on the socio-economic development of Turkmenistan for 2011-2030 envisages reconstruction and modernization of the phosphate fertilizers production with increase in production of ammonium superphosphate up to 300,000 tons per year, as well as construction of a new sulfuric acid plant with the annual production capacity of 500,000 tons at the Turkmenabat chemical plant affiliated to the Turkmenhimiya State Concern.  Construction of a new sulfuric acid plant is designed for the future. The programme on development of the chemical industry in 2016 – 2019 envisages production of 200,000-250,000 tons of potassium sulphate per year, where sulfuric acid and potassium chloride will be used as the main raw materials.  The availability and efficiency of this new production capacity of the national chemical industry is caused by the fact that part of sulfuric acid produced in Turkmenistan can be exported.

December 8, 2013 - The shop producing sulphuric acid with the annual capacity of 500.000 tons is to expand production infrastructure of Turkmenabat chemical plant. The State Development Bank of Turkmenistan will issue a loan to the Turkmenhimiya State Concern to partially finance the project implemented by the consortium of foreign companies.  Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. (Japan) and Ronesans Turkmen Insaat Sanayi we Ticaret A.S. (Turkey) launched construction works in September 2013. The shop producing sulphuric acid is to be put into operation in July 2016.  The need to build the shop producing is based on the fact that sulphuric acid is difficult to transport, unload and prepare for manufacture. For these reasons, the price for imported sulphuric acid is higher than that produced domestically. Sulphuric acid is used for manufacturing mineral fertilizers, processing liquid fuels, refining mineral oils as well as in the metallurgical, textile, leather and other industries.

News reel footage of plant opening www.net-film.ru

MTPD - Metric Tonne per Day           STPD - Short Ton per Day
MTPA - Metric Tonne per Annum      STPA - Short Ton per Annum
SA - Single Absorption
DA - Double Absorption

* Coordinates can be used to locate plant on Google Earth