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Acid Plant Database  January 20, 2017


Awash Melkasa Aluminum Sulfate and Sulfuric Acid


Location Melkasa, Ethiopia
Website -
Plant -
Coordinates* 8° 25' 23.5" N, 39° 19' 44" E
Type of Plant Sulphur Burning
Gas Source Elemental Sulphur
Plant Capacity 40 MTPD
Status -
Year Built 1995
Technology -
Contractor -
Remarks -
Pictures Melkasa Aluminum - Melkasa 1.jpg (167180 bytes)  
General -
References -
News May 18, 2015 - Awash Melkasa Aluminum Sulphate & Sulfuric Acid S.C. will begin production of hydrogen peroxide, a major input in the textile industry, by the end of June, 2015 at a plant it established at a cost of 234 million Br.The factory is located on 9,000sqm at Awash Melkasa, around 107Km from Addis Abeba. The state-owned company currently produces around 13,000tn of aluminum sulphate and 17,000tn of sulfuric acid annually, which are used in the production of leather, car batteries, cotton, and for water treatment.In the 2013/14 fiscal year, the company generated revenue of around 80 million Br, which was followed with a plan for 100 million Br for 2014/15.The company signed a turnkey contract with Nuberg Engineering Limited for the construction of the hydrogen peroxide manufacturing plant, which will have a production capacity of 4,500tn annually. The project is based on findings of a feasibility study conducted by Industrial Project Services, which is under the Privatization & Public Enterprises Supervising Agency (PPESA). Construction started in August 2013.Nuberg Engineering Limited, established in 1996, is an Indian maker of manufacturing equipment for various chemical plants, according to its website.Currently, Awash Melkasa’s plant is going through a pre-commissioning process, said Admassu Kabeto, the company’s CEO. On the first of June, it will start the commissioning process, which will take about one month, followed by the completion of the project, he added.The demand for hydrogen peroxide in Ethiopia can reach up to 900tn annually on average, according to the study by Industrial Project Service. In the 2014 fiscal year, around 678tn of hydrogen peroxide, worth 908,258 dollars, was imported into the country, according to the Ethiopian Revenues & Customs Authority.Awassa Textile, which is owned by Dukem Textile Plc, uses imported hydrogen peroxide for bleaching cotton. The textile factory, established in 1989, had been under state ownership but in 2011, the ownership was transferred to Dukem Textile Plc at a cost of 37 million Br. The company uses 400Kg of hydrogen peroxide monthly at a cost of 7,600Br to produce four tonnes of textile on a daily basis, said Tariku Assefa, purchasing head of Awassa Textile S.C.There are 130 medium and large scale textile factories in Ethiopia, of which 37 are owned by foreign investors. For the first Growth & Transformation Plan (GTP) period, the government has earned around 427 million dollars from the textile export trade, less than half the one billion dollars it had planned.In addition to use in the textile industry, hydrogen peroxide can also be used in the production of pulp, paper, milk treatment and cosmetics.In the international market hydrogen peroxide is sold for around 20 Br per kilogram. Admassu says their company will break into the market with a price of 14Br a kilogram.

February 14, 2012 - The Awash Melkasa Aluminum Sulfate and Sulfuric Acid Factory announced plans to establish a hydrogen peroxide factory in Ethiopia. The hydrogen peroxide factory, which will begin construction soon will cost an estimated 155 million birr according to Admasu Tabaeto, Production and Technical Support Process Owner with Awash Melkasa.  The factory is expected to have the capacity to produce 13,600 metric tons of aluminum sulfate and 17,000 metric tons of sulfuric acid he said.  Awash Melkasa has been struggling with financial loss for several years because it has been unable to access the market explained Admasu.  The factory has acquired better access to potential markets and is now geared towards selling its products to the domestic market and for export to Sudan Admasu said. It is no longer operating at a loss due to its ability to access markets he noted.  The chemicals produced by the Awash Melkasa factory are primarily used in the manufacture of textile products.

MTPD - Metric Tonne per Day           STPD - Short Ton per Day
MTPA - Metric Tonne per Annum      STPA - Short Ton per Annum
SA - Single Absorption
DA - Double Absorption

* Coordinates can be used to locate plant on Google Earth