headerdrawing1.jpg (96365 bytes)

Sulphuric Acid on the WebTM Technical Manual DKL Engineering, Inc.

Knowledge for the Sulphuric Acid Industry Line.jpg (1139 bytes)

Sulphuric Acid on the Web

Equipment Suppliers

Industry News
Acid Traders

Used Plants
Intellectual Propoerty
Acid Plant Database
Market Information

Technical Manual


Plant Safety
Metallurgial Processes
Sulphur Burning
Acid Regeneration
Lead Chamber
Gas Cleaning
Strong Acid
Acid Storage

Sulphur Systems
Liquid SO2
Boiler Feed Water
Steam Systems

Cooling Water
Effluent Treatment
Analytical Procedures
Materials of Construction
Vendor Data

DKL Engineering, Inc.

Handbook of Sulphuric Acid Manufacturing
Order Form

Sulphuric Acid Decolourization
Order Form
Table of Contents

Process Engineering Data Sheets - PEDS
Order Form
Table of Contents


Bibliography of Sulphuric Acid Technology
Order Form


Sulphuric Acid Plant Specifications

Google Search new2.gif (111 bytes)


log 2.JPG (76785 bytes)

Sharplex.jpg (28953 bytes)

MAHLEInd.jpg (21078 bytes)


Acid Plant Database  October 25, 2016

Owner Codelco

Codelco-Logo.jpg (22955 bytes)

Location Las Ventanas
Background Formerly
- Empresa Nacional de Mineria - ENAMI
Website www.codelco.cl
Plant Las Ventanas
Coordinates 32º 45' 42" S, 71º 28' 49" W
Type of Plant Metallugical
Gas Source Copper
Plant Capacity 1637 MTPD
SA/DA 3/1 DA
Status Operating
Year Built 1989
Technology Hugo Petersen
Contractor MAN Ferrostaal AG, Essen
Remarks Approximate Cost: US$45 million
New Final Absorber Tower - March 2016 (EPC Coppex)
General The initiative of transferring the property of the Ventanas smelter from Enami to Codelco was agreed upon by Government authorities with both companies and its unions, requiring the enactment of Law 19.993 allowing the transfer.

The Ventanas division is located in Ventanas, Puchuncaví district, 164 kilometers from Santiago and 50 kilometers from Viña del Mar, in the northern sector of the Valparaíso province.

Ventanas’ 2006 production reached 376,005 metric tons of electrolytic copper. At the same time, due to the processing of anodic sludge in the metals plant refinery, 150,952 kilograms of silver and 5,649 kilograms of gold were obtained, while the acid plant produced 351,537 tons of sulfuric acid.

Ventanas’ concentrate production capacity averaged 445 thousand dry metric tons for the year 2006.

References -
News March 28, 2011 - Bnamericas reported that Chilean state copper producer Codelco resumed operations at its Ventanas division smelter plant after a sulfur dioxide leak forced the company to suspend activities on March 23rd 2011.  Mr Diego Hernández CEO of Codelco said that "The incident is already solved. Everything is under control and the plant has resumed normal operations. As soon as management found out about the emissions, we decided to stop the furnace at the plant and worked on making sure the problem was solved before starting operations again."  Students and teachers from the adjacent La Greda school suffered respiratory problems and headaches following the release of the smelter gas and were taken to a nearby health center for observation. A recent report by health authorities said La Greda is the most contaminated school in Chile. Significant amounts of arsenic and cadmium among others were found in the soil at the institution.  Located in central region V, the school is in the same district as the Ventanas smelting and refinery complex, two thermoelectric power plants owned by local generator AES Gener and several other industrial facilities. As a result of the high levels of contamination detected and in the aftermath of the most recent emergency, the government has decided to move the school and has asked the companies operating in the zone to help with the relocation.  Mr Hernández said that Codelco is more than willing to help with mitigation measures such as the relocation of the school. The CEO and representatives from region V's industrial association Asiver were scheduled to meet with environment minister María Ignacia Benítez to discuss and coordinate a plan of action.  He also announced plans to improve environmental conditions at the Ventanas complex which will be developed within the next 12 to 18 months. These include the construction of new, sealed conveyor belts and stockpiling facilities for copper concentrates to avoid dust contamination. The release of sulfur dioxide was a one-time incident. The main environmental problem is related to dust contamination which happens when copper concentrates are blown around by the wind.  Mr Hernández also highlighted advances made over the last 16 years to reduce contamination in the zone. Current SO2 and PM10 emissions at the plant are 13% and 12% of the levels registered in 1994.   Meanwhile, a group of environmental activists has submitted a legal action before region V's appeals court requesting the closure of the plant until authorities can confirm that the company has taken all the necessary measures to prevent a new sulfur dioxide leak.  Former plant workers also filed a lawsuit on Friday claiming that 28 of their colleagues died due to exposure to smelter gas emissions while working at the facility.  www.bnamericas.com

GEA Bischoff received the order for 2 wet gas electrostatic precipitators (WESP) from CODELCO in Chile. CODELCO is the biggest producer of copper in the world. In the last 30 years GEA Bischoff has supplied different kind of gas cleaning equipment to CODELCO, among others 40 WESPs. The new precipitators will be installed in CODELCO’s sulphuric acid plant in Las Ventanas.

MTPD - Metric Tonne per Day           STPD - Short Ton per Day
MTPA - Metric Tonne per Annum      STPA - Short Ton per Annum
SA - Single Absorption
DA - Double Absorption

* Coordinates can be used to locate plant on Google Earth